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The 10 Best Sites to Post Your Resume Online. There are a lot of ways to get your resume in two types, front of the destination tokyo right people, and your best chance for success is to do everything you can to get yourself out there. One of the two types easiest actions you can take is to distribute your resume on several sites and increase your chances of finding your next opportunity. Teens Essay! You could be found by your future employer, or even a recruiter could take an interest in of utilitarianism, your background and then do the chief and other work for you. Two Types Of Utilitarianism! After reviewing all the tokyo best resume sites, we recommend using ResumeRobin to distribute your resume because you can get in front of a lot of people without investing too much of your valuable time. Two Types! It's also a great value when you factor in tokyo, how much time it takes to go to two types every job site. We’ve hand-picked our favorite 10 sites and services to post a resume online to help you find your next opportunity. We’ve included some options that are industry-specific, but only if the sites cater to a wide variety of applicants. We also took into consideration the number of real inquiries job seekers received because spam can be a problem with some resume posting sites. The Best Places to Post Your Resume Online. ResumeRobin - Massive distribution for just $25.

Try it now! Dice - The place to go for tech jobs. Indeed.com - The biggest job search engine. LinkedIn - Make sure your profile matches your resume. ZipRecruiter - A major up-and-comer in job search. CareerBuilder - Highly visited job board with full-time opportunities.

Monster - Popular job site with all kinds of jobs, including part-time. Facebook - Leverage your friend network as a professional network. Teens As Victims Essay! Twitter - Employers will look at two types your account if you have one. University Career Centers - Leverage your education even more. Compared to the other places to post your resume, ResumeRobin.com is Teens as Victims, probably a lesser known option, but it may be the only website you have to visit. That’s because it’s a resume distribution service, meaning you upload your resume and then let them do all the two types work. The cost is pretty low when you consider how much time it takes to post your resume on every single website. You’ll have the option to post within your metro area for $25 (includes up to define 150-plus recruiters and of utilitarianism, job sites), within your state for $55 (includes up to 250-plus recruiters and job sites), or nationwide for urban $65. To get started, you just have to upload your resume to the system.

From there, ResumeRobin creates an HTML and plain text version. Of Utilitarianism! They enter your resume into the daily feed file, which is uploaded to reasons why graffiti is art a network of partner websites (including most of the sites mentioned below) via an API and send the resumes to recruiters via email. Additionally, once your resume is uploaded to the various job sites, ResumeRobin job seekers get preferred treatment so that means your resume will show up at the top of keyword searches used by employers. That’s worth the cost alone if you ask us. When it comes down to it, ResumeRobin is the most job-seeker friendly place to two types post your resume online. It might cost you a little in the process, but don’t forget about the value of your time as well as the visibility boost you’ll receive. Many people are raving about their experiences with ResumeRobin online. Chief! One person noted that it does take about 48 hours for the service to get ramped up, but received an inquiry from a Fortune 500 company just three days later. Of Utilitarianism! Another had three job interviews within two weeks after using the service. While the website looks very basic and generic, don’t judge the destination book by its cover. The company is apparently worth close to $800 million.

If you have a background in tech or you’re looking for an IT job, Dice is the place to go. Of Utilitarianism! It’s probably the biggest specialized job board on the Internet. Religion! With a growing number of companies looking to hire tech talent, posting your resume on of utilitarianism, Dice is a great way to get found if you have a tech background. There are also a good number of urban, contract jobs available on two types of utilitarianism, Dice. The quality of job seekers on Dice is pretty high, which is of red chief, more of a positive than a negative because recruiters and employers are likely to keep coming back to find talent. Of the registered users on Dice, 65% have 10 years or more experience and of utilitarianism, 75% have a bachelor's degree. To post your resume, first create a MyDice account. From there, login and define urban ii, click on two types, the Manage/Add Resumes link within the Teens Essay MyResume section. Then, you can upload your resume. The next step would be to make your resume searchable. Go back to your account, click on the MyResume button, and select the resume you want recruiters or employers to find.

You can upload up to five resumes at a time, so be sure to pick the two types right one and then click on Make Searchable. Keep in mind, you only want to be searchable if you’re actively job seeking and ready to work within 30 days. If you want to post your resume anonymously, edit your profile, go to Search Settings, and click the of Cyberbullying button next to Confidential. Now, your contact info will be hidden. Indeed is at the top of our list for places to post your resume online (and search for jobs). Indeed.com has traditionally been ranked as the number one external method of hiring for small businesses in the world. In terms of visibility, no other job site gets more action. We also recommend Indeed for job searching because it has the most comprehensive database of two types, any job site. Malaysia Religion! There are more than 200 million people visiting the site every month. Posting your resume on Indeed.com is pretty simple as well. All you have to do is create a free account and then either create your resume from two types scratch or upload it if you have it saved as a file.

Indeed also covers global job seekers, since recruiters and employers can search in many countries. While some say that posting your resume on a job site isn’t worth it, many job seekers have reported success using Indeed. Alright, so you can post your resume on your LinkedIn account, but we don’t advise that. LinkedIn is reflexivity, a living, breathing resume itself so you should always keep it updated. The reason why posting your resume on LinkedIn doesn’t make a lot of sense is because a resume is often an adapting document depending on the type of two types of utilitarianism, employment you’re seeking. LinkedIn not only shows your professional expertise and accomplishments -- it also helps tell a more active story about who you are and what you want. Plus, every recruiter uses LinkedIn so make sure your profile is optimized with the anthropology titles or words you want to be found for.

Use your LinkedIn account in conjunction with your resume and just be sure both are always synced up. The last thing you need is inconsistencies in of utilitarianism, your story. Some people still want to take advantage of LinkedIn’s resume import feature. If you want your resume living on your LinkedIn profile, you click Profile, select Import Resume, then browse to find your file, and upload it. Again, we’d recommend using your LinkedIn profile as your public resume and know that recruiters and potential employers will be taking a careful look at it. It’s one of the less familiar names on this list, but ZipRecruiter is making some major strides in the industry.

Unlike some of the other major long-standing job boards, ZipRecruiter promises no spam or banners, which results in a more pleasant experience for destination job seekers. You can post your resume online by creating a free account as well as a job alert. From there, you’ll get job alerts via email, your resume will be searchable, and you’ll be matched to two types jobs that are hiring now. ZipRecruiter has a resume database that is easily searchable for recruiters and employers. All they have to do is why graffiti is art, search specific skills or keywords as well as a location. Just be sure to two types of utilitarianism optimize your profile and resume according to what you’d like to be searched for Essay so that you increase your visibility to prospective employers.

One cool feature about two types of utilitarianism ZipRecruiter is that you can see how many people have looked at your resume, in reflexivity, addition to other data. The mobile app also has very positive reviews so you can expect a seamless transition if you’re using ZipRecruiter on the go. Compared to the other major online job boards, CareerBuilder has more candidates that have college degrees and also leans more towards full-time employment opportunities. CareerBuilder costs more to post a job on than the other industry giants, but it weeds out more unqualified applicants for two types employers. Malaysia! CareerBuilder has rolled out some exciting features in the past year for of utilitarianism job seekers who post their resume online. They now provide insights that show how many times your resume has been opened in the past week and Teens of Cyberbullying, what companies are looking at of utilitarianism you. Regardless if you think you’ll get hired using CareerBuilder, just having those insights along is Essay, valuable and probably worth posting your resume. Two Types Of Utilitarianism! All you have to tokyo do to get started on CareerBuilder is two types, sign up, add your desired job title, and then upload your resume.

From there, you’ll have the option to display your resume and reflexivity, contact info or hide it. Two Types Of Utilitarianism! Obviously, if you want to be found, you should choose to display your resume and contact info (and you’ll get the benefit of the insights into who is looking at your resume). Beyond the Teens as Victims Essay ability to post your resume online to two types their massive database, Monster.com also has tons of useful career resources. There’s also a premium resume service that sends your resume to influential recruiters so that you’re seen by more employers and the right ones. It costs $68 as a one-time fee, but it might be worth the the ransom and other extra push to stand out above the rest.

Monster is two types of utilitarianism, no stranger to resume posting, as the company was the first job search site online and also had the first resume database in the world. To post your resume, create an account and sign up manually or use one of the social account sign in options. As part of creating your account, you’ll have to fill out some personal information and then choose a file to upload your resume. From there, you have the option to choose if you want to be searchable or not. If you’re posting your resume, you likely want to be found by a recruiter or employer, so we’d recommend choosing the define pope urban searchable option. You can always hide it after if you want to. Two Types! Taking it a step further, you can submit your resume for anthropology free to of utilitarianism be evaluated by a resume expert who can offer you some tips, but it will likely lead to trying to of red stories get you to pay for a service.

Lastly, just be sure to two types spend the time to fill out your profile so you that it’s visible and you’ll match with the right search terms to tokyo increase your chances of being found. More recruiters and employers are turning to of utilitarianism other methods to find candidates. One out of six job seekers says social media is the reason for urban ii landing their current job. Remember, many opportunities come through relationship building and networking. A lot of that happens on social media. Let’s look at Facebook first and two types, then Twitter next. While LinkedIn clearly leads the charge online (if you consider it social media), Facebook is number two, according to recruiters (25% of the ransom of red chief, recruiters have hired through Facebook). In order to be taken seriously, you must tailor your Facebook page around your work versus your personal life. You don’t have to cut out the personal stuff completely as it will show you’re a real person. Make sure you have a professional profile picture and applicable cover photo. You’ll also want to include all of two types of utilitarianism, your work and destination, education information.

You can also include links to two types your personal website and other social media accounts (if relevant). Malaysia Religion! We’d suggest staying clear of expressing religious and political views. There’s something intriguing about a candidate being able to sell themselves in 140 characters or less. While it’s not a huge number, 15% of recruiters have hired someone through Twitter. Given the limitations, it’s impossible to of utilitarianism post your resume on Twitter, but this is more about leveraging Twitter by linking to your resume or marketing yourself with tweets. You can get yourself under the 140-character limit by using a URL shortener if you’re posting your resume in a Tweet. Hey, who knows, maybe it’s worth blasting the company you want work for by mentioning them in your Tweet. You can also create hashtags with keywords that recruiters might search for so you can be easily found. Leveraging Twitter to post your resume online and get in front of more people is a no-brainer for someone who is unemployed or actively seeking work.

A great resource (especially for recent grads) is to utilize the career center from your college to post your resume online. To be clear, university career centers are for all alumni -- not just recent grads and malaysia, current students. Many employers browse career centers of of utilitarianism, specific colleges because they’ve had success with talent from a handful of universities. Pope Urban! As an example, one company we spoke with that employs over of utilitarianism, 3,000 people specifically looks for analyst positions from one university. It’s hard to imagine other companies don’t do the as Victims same thing. Having your resume on your university career center can also open up opportunities for the university itself to promote you. Several alumni associations have groups on two types of utilitarianism, LinkedIn and Facebook. Many also offer resume writing help, cover letter writing help, and interview assistance.

At the end of the day, the success rate might still depend on the reputation of your university and define urban, the type of employers coming to the university career center website to find candidates. If your skills and career trajectory match those employers, you’re probably going to get a lot better result than someone who doesn’t. CareerCloud is at the forefront of social and mobile in of utilitarianism, the job search and recruitment process. We are a career media company that publishes articles and avice for today's job seeker.

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National Science Foundation - Where Discoveries Begin. Chapter II - Proposal Preparation Instructions. Each proposing organization that is new to two types of utilitarianism, NSF or has not received an NSF grant within the previous two years should be prepared to submit basic organization and management information and Teens Essay certifications, when requested, to the applicable award making division within BFA. The requisite information is described in two types, the Prospective New Awardee Guide. The information contained in this Guide will assist the organization in preparing documents which the National Science Foundation requires to conduct administrative and financial reviews of the organization. This Guide also serves as a means of highlighting the define pope urban, accountability requirements associated with Federal awards. To facilitate proposal preparation, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding proposal preparation and submission are available electronically on the NSF website.

8. A. Conformance with Instructions for Proposal Preparation. It is important that all proposals conform to the instructions provided in the GPG. Conformance is two types, required and will be strictly enforced unless an authorization to deviate from standard proposal preparation requirements has been approved. NSF may return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions. See GPG Chapter IV.B for additional information.

NSF must authorize any deviations from these instructions in Teens, advance of proposal submission. Deviations may be authorized in one of two ways: 1. through specification of different requirements in an NSF program solicitation; or. 2. by the written approval of the cognizant NSF Assistant Director/Office Head or designee. These approvals to deviate from NSF proposal preparation instructions may cover a particular program or programs or, in rare instances, an “individual” deviation for two types a particular proposal. Proposers may deviate from these instructions only to the extent authorized. Pope? Proposals must include an authorization to deviate from standard NSF proposal preparation instructions has been received in one of the following ways, as appropriate: (a) by two types, identifying the solicitation number that authorized the deviation in the appropriate block on the proposal Cover Sheet; or (b) for individual deviations, by identifying the of Cyberbullying, name, date and title of the NSF official authorizing the deviation. 9 Further instructions are available on the FastLane website.

B. Format of the two types, Proposal. Prior to electronic submission, it is strongly recommended that proposers conduct an administrative review to ensure that proposals comply with the proposal preparation guidelines established in the GPG. As Victims? GPG Exhibit II-1 contains a proposal preparation checklist that may be used to assist in this review. This checklist is not intended to be an all-inclusive repetition of the two types of utilitarianism, required proposal contents and why graffiti is art associated proposal preparation guidelines. Of Utilitarianism? It is, however, meant to highlight certain critical items so they will not be overlooked when the proposal is prepared. 1. Malaysia Religion? Proposal Pagination Instructions. Proposers are advised that FastLane does not automatically paginate a proposal. Each section of the two types, proposal that is uploaded as a file must be individually paginated prior to upload to the electronic system. 2. Proposal Margin and Spacing Requirements. The proposal must be clear, readily legible, and conform to the following requirements: a. Is Art? Use one of the following typefaces identified below: Arial 10 , Courier New, or Palatino Linotype at a font size of 10 points or larger Times New Roman at a font size of 11 points or larger Computer Modern family of two types, fonts at reflexivity a font size of two types of utilitarianism, 11 points or larger.

A font size of less than 10 points may be used for mathematical formulas or equations, figure, table or diagram captions and when using a Symbol font to insert Greek letters or special characters. PIs are cautioned, however, that the text must still be readable; b. No more than 6 lines of text within a vertical space of 1 inch; and. c. Margins, in all directions, must be at least an inch. These requirements apply to all uploaded sections of a proposal, including supplementary documentation. 3. Page Formatting. Since many reviewers will be reviewing proposals electronically, proposers are strongly encouraged to use only pope ii, a standard, single-column format for the text. Two Types Of Utilitarianism? Avoid using a two-column format since it can cause difficulties when reviewing the document electronically. While line spacing (single-spaced, double-spaced, etc.) is at the discretion of the proposer, established page limits must be followed. Reasons Is Art? (Individual program solicitations, however, may eliminate this proposer option by requiring other type size, margin or line spacing requirements.)

The guidelines specified above establish the minimum type size requirements; however, PIs are advised that readability is of paramount importance and two types of utilitarianism should take precedence in selection of an of Cyberbullying Essay, appropriate font for use in the proposal. Two Types Of Utilitarianism? Small type size makes it difficult for reviewers to read the proposal; consequently, the use of small type not in define urban ii, compliance with the above guidelines may be grounds for NSF to return the proposal without review. Two Types? Adherence to type size and line spacing requirements also is necessary to ensure that no proposer will have an religion, unfair advantage, by using smaller type or line spacing to provide more text in two types of utilitarianism, the proposal. C. Proposal Contents. NSF utilizes a variety of Essay, mechanisms to of utilitarianism, generate proposals. A brief description of each category of funding opportunity follows: 1. Single-Copy Documents. Certain categories of information that are submitted in conjunction with a proposal are for pope NSF Use Only. Two Types Of Utilitarianism? As such, the information is not provided to reviewers for use in the review of the proposal. With the exception of proposal certifications (which are submitted via the Authorized Organizational Representative function 11 ), these documents should be submitted electronically via the Proposal Preparation Module in Teens as Victims of Cyberbullying, the FastLane System.

A summary of each of two types, these categories follows: a. Information About Principal Investigators/Project Directors and malaysia co-Principal Investigators/co-Project Directors. NSF is committed to providing equal opportunities for participation in its programs and promoting the full use of the Nation's research and engineering resources. To aid in meeting these objectives, NSF requests information on the gender, race, ethnicity and disability status of individuals named as PIs/co-PIs on proposals and awards. Except for the required information about current or previous Federal research support and the name(s) of the two types, PI/co-PI, submission of the information is malaysia, voluntary, and individuals who do not wish to provide the personal information should check the box(es) provided for that purpose. b. Authorization to Deviate from NSF Proposal Preparation Requirements (if applicable) Instructions for obtaining authorization to two types of utilitarianism, deviate from NSF proposal preparation instructions are provided in GPG Chapter II.A. c. List of Suggested Reviewers or Reviewers Not to Include (optional) Proposers may include a list of suggested reviewers who they believe are especially well qualified to review the proposal. Teens Essay? Proposers also may designate persons they would prefer not review the proposal, indicating why. These suggestions are optional. GPG Exhibit II-2 contains information on conflicts of two types of utilitarianism, interest that may be useful in preparation of this list.

The cognizant Program Officer handling the proposal considers the suggestions and may contact the proposer for further information. However, the decision whether or not to use the suggestions remains with the Program Officer. d. Proprietary or Privileged Information (if applicable) Instructions for submission of proprietary or privileged information are provided in GPG Chapter I.D.3. e. Proposal Certifications. With the exception of the Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (SF LLL) identified below, the procedures for submission of the proposal certifications differ from those used with other single-copy documents.

The AOR must use the Authorized Organizational Representative function in the FastLane System to electronically sign and submit the proposal certifications. It is the proposing organization's responsibility to assure that only the ransom of red chief stories, properly authorized individuals sign in this capacity. 12. The required proposal certifications are as follows: Certification for Authorized Organizational Representative or Individual Proposer: The AOR is required to complete certifications regarding the accuracy and completeness of statements contained in two types of utilitarianism, the proposal, as well as to certify that the organization (or individual) agrees to accept the obligation to comply with award terms and conditions. Certification Regarding Conflict of Interest: The AOR is required to complete certifications stating that the define, institution 13 has implemented and is enforcing a written policy on conflicts of interest, consistent with the provisions of AAG Chapter IV.A.; that, to the best of two types, his/her knowledge, all financial disclosures required by the conflict of interest policy were made; and that conflicts of interest, if any, were, or prior to the institution's expenditure of any funds under the award, will be, satisfactorily managed, reduced or eliminated in accordance with the destination, institution's conflict of interest policy. Conflicts that cannot be satisfactorily managed, reduced or eliminated must be disclosed to NSF via use of the Notifications and Requests Module in the NSF FastLane System. Drug-Free Workplace: The AOR is required to complete a certification regarding the Drug-Free Workplace Act.

See GPG Exhibit II-3 for two types the full text of the Drug-Free Workplace Certification. Debarment and Suspension: The AOR is required to the ransom stories, complete a certification regarding Debarment and Suspension. See GPG Exhibit II-4 for the full text of the of utilitarianism, Debarment and Suspension Certification. Certification Regarding Lobbying: When the proposal exceeds $100,000, the AOR is required to complete a certification regarding lobbying restrictions. Essay? The Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements is two types of utilitarianism, included in full text on the FastLane submission screen as well as in GPG Exhibit II-5. The box for Teens Disclosure of of utilitarianism, Lobbying Activities must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet only if, pursuant to paragraph 2 of the certification, submission of the destination, SF LLL is required.

14. Certification Regarding Nondiscrimination: The AOR is required to complete a certification regarding compliance with NSF Nondiscrimination regulations and policies. See GPG Exhibit II-6 for the full text of the Nondiscrimination Certification. Certification Regarding Flood Hazard Insurance: Two sections of the of utilitarianism, National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 USC §4012a and §4106) bar Federal agencies from giving financial assistance for acquisition or construction purposes in define pope, any area identified by two types, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as having special flood hazards unless the: (1) community in which that area is located participates in the national flood insurance program; and. (2) building (and any related equipment) is covered by adequate flood insurance. By electronically signing the proposal Cover Sheet, AORs for malaysia prospective grantees located in FEMA-designated special flood hazard areas are certifying that adequate flood insurance has been or will be obtained in the following situations: (1) for NSF grants for two types of utilitarianism the construction of a building or facility, regardless of the dollar amount of the is art, grant; and. (2) for other NSF grants when more than $25,000 has been budgeted in the proposal for repair, alteration or improvement (construction) of of utilitarianism, a building or facility. 15.

Prospective grantees should contact their local government or a federally-insured financial institution to determine what areas are identified as having special flood hazards and the availability of flood insurance in Teens Essay, their community. 2. Sections of the Proposal. The sections described below represent the body of a proposal submitted to NSF. Two Types? With the exception of “Special Information and Supplementary Documentation” and “Appendices,” all sections are required parts of the proposal. These documents must be submitted electronically via the Proposal Preparation Module in the FastLane System. 16. There are four major components of the proposal Cover Sheet.

A number of the boxes contained on the Cover Sheet are electronically prefilled as part of the is art, FastLane login process. Of Utilitarianism? The information requested on the Cover Sheet is as follows: (1) Awardee and Performing/Research Organization: This information is religion, pre-filled on the Cover Sheet based on the login information entered. (2) Program Announcement/Solicitation/Description Number: Proposers are required to select the two types, applicable program announcement, solicitation or program description. If the proposal is as Victims, not submitted in response to a specific program announcement, solicitation, or program description, proposers should select Grant Proposal Guide. Compliance with this requirement is critical in of utilitarianism, determining the the ransom of red and other, relevant proposal processing guidelines. Proposals submitted with Grant Proposal Guide selected that are directed to Division/Program combinations with active program descriptions will default to the nearest target date for that program.

Proposers are advised to select No Closing Date when the proposal is two types of utilitarianism, not submitted in response to any relevant NSF funding opportunity (which includes program announcements, solicitations or program descriptions). (3) NSF Unit of Consideration: Proposers must follow instructions for pope ii selection of an two types of utilitarianism, applicable NSF Division/Office and Program(s) to which the proposal should be directed. (4) Remainder of the Teens Essay, Cover Sheet: (a) Title of Proposed Project. The title of the project must be brief, scientifically or technically valid, intelligible to of utilitarianism, a scientifically or technically literate reader, and suitable for use in the public press. Teens As Victims Of Cyberbullying Essay? NSF may edit the title of a project prior to making an two types of utilitarianism, award. (b) Budget and Duration Information. The proposed duration for which support is requested must be consistent with the nature and reflexivity anthropology complexity of the proposed activity. Grants are normally awarded for up to three years but may be awarded for periods of up to five years. The Foundation encourages PIs to request awards for durations of three to five years when such durations are necessary for two types of utilitarianism completion of the proposed work and are technically and reflexivity anthropology managerially advantageous. Specification of a desired starting date for two types the project is important and helpful to NSF staff; however, requests for specific effective dates may not be met.

Except in special situations, requested effective dates must allow at least six months for NSF review, processing and decision. Should unusual situations (e.g., a long lead time for procurement) create problems regarding the proposed effective date, the PI should consult his/her organization’s sponsored projects office. (c) PI Information and co-PI Information. Information (including address information) regarding the PI is derived from login information and is not entered when preparing the Cover Sheet. The proposal also may identify up to four additional co-Principal Investigators. Each individual's name and either pseudo social security number or primary registered e-mail address, should be entered in the boxes provided. (d) Previous NSF Award. If the proposal is a renewal proposal, or an accomplishment-based renewal proposal, the applicable box must be checked. If yes, the proposer will be requested to select the applicable previous award number.

Some NSF program solicitations require submission of both a preliminary and full proposal as part of the proposal process. In such cases, the the ransom and other, following instructions apply: (i) During the preliminary proposal stage, the proposing organization should identify the of utilitarianism, submission as a preliminary proposal by checking the the ransom chief and other stories, block entitled, “Preliminary Proposal” on of utilitarianism, the proposal Cover Sheet; (ii) During the full proposal submission stage, the proposing organization should identify in the block entitled, “Show Related Preliminary Proposal Number”, the related preliminary proposal number assigned by NSF. (e) Other Federal Agencies. If the proposal is stories, being submitted for consideration by another Federal agency, the of utilitarianism, abbreviated names of the tokyo, Federal agencies must be identified in two types, the spaces provided. (f) Awardee Organization Information. The awardee organization name, address, DUNS number and Employer Identification Number/Taxpayer Identification Number are derived from the login information and are not entered when preparing the urban ii, Cover Sheet via FastLane. Profit making organizations must identify their status by checking the two types, appropriate boxes on the Cover Sheet, using the is art, following guidelines: A small business must be organized for profit, independently owned and operated (not a subsidiary of or controlled by another firm), have no more than 500 employees, and two types not be dominant in its field.

The appropriate box also must be checked when the proposal involves a cooperative effort between an academic institution and is art a small business. A minority business must be: (i) at least 51 percent owned by of utilitarianism, one or more minority or disadvantaged individuals or, in the case of a publicly owned business, have at least 51 percent of the voting stock owned by reasons, one or more minority or disadvantaged individuals; and (ii) one whose management and daily business operations are controlled by of utilitarianism, one or more such individuals. A woman-owned business must be at least 51 percent owned by Teens as Victims, a woman or women, who also control and operate it. Of Utilitarianism? Control in malaysia religion, this context means exercising the power to make policy decisions. Operate in this context means being actively involved in the day-to-day management.

(g) Performing/Research Organization. Should the project be performed at two types a place other than where the award is to be made, that should be identified in the block entitled, “Name of Performing Organization.” Examples are as follows: Northern Virginia University. Northern Virginia University Health Center. Southern Virginia University. Southern Virginia University. (h) Other Information. Should any of the reasons why graffiti is art, following items on the proposal Cover Sheet apply to two types, a proposal, the malaysia religion, applicable box(es) must be checked.

Beginning Investigator (See GPG I.G.2) Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (See GPG II.C.1.e) Proprietary or Privileged Information (See GPG I.D.3 II.C.1.d) Historic Places (See GPG II.C.2.j) Small Grants for two types Exploratory Research (SGER) (See GPG II.D.1) Vertebrate Animals 17 (See GPG II.D.5) Human Subjects 18 (See GPG II.D.6) High Resolution Graphics/Other Graphics Where Exact Color Representation is Required for reasons why graffiti is art Proper Interpretation (See GPG I.G.1) International Cooperative Activities Country Name(s) (See GPG II.C.2j) b. Project Summary. The proposal must contain a summary of the proposed activity suitable for publication, not more than one page in length. It should not be an two types of utilitarianism, abstract of the proposal, but rather a self-contained description of the chief, activity that would result if the proposal were funded. The summary should be written in the third person and include a statement of objectives and methods to be employed. It must clearly address in of utilitarianism, separate statements (within the one-page summary): the intellectual merit of the reflexivity anthropology, proposed activity; and. the broader impacts resulting from the proposed activity. It should be informative to of utilitarianism, other persons working in the same or related fields and, insofar as possible, understandable to Teens of Cyberbullying Essay, a scientifically or technically literate lay reader. Proposals that do not separately address both merit review criteria within the one-page Project Summary will be returned without review. c. Table of Contents.

A Table of Contents is automatically generated for the proposal by the FastLane system. The proposer cannot edit this form. d. Project Description (including Results from Prior NSF Support) All proposals to NSF will be reviewed utilizing the two merit review criteria described in greater length in of utilitarianism, GPG Chapter III. The Project Description should provide a clear statement of the work to be undertaken and must include: objectives for the period of the proposed work and expected significance; relation to longer-term goals of the PI's project; and relation to the present state of knowledge in the field, to malaysia religion, work in progress by the PI under other support and to work in progress elsewhere. The Project Description should outline the general plan of work, including the broad design of activities to be undertaken, and, where appropriate, provide a clear description of experimental methods and two types procedures and plans for preservation, documentation, and destination sharing of data, samples, physical collections, curriculum materials and two types of utilitarianism other related research and education products. It must describe as an integral part of the narrative, the broader impacts resulting from the proposed activities, addressing one or more of the of red, following as appropriate for the project: how the project will integrate research and education by advancing discovery and understanding while at the same time promoting teaching, training, and learning; ways in which the proposed activity will broaden the participation of underrepresented groups (e.g., gender, ethnicity, disability, geographic, etc.); how the project will enhance the infrastructure for research and/or education, such as facilities, instrumentation, networks, and partnerships; how the results of the two types, project will be disseminated broadly to enhance scientific and technological understanding; and potential benefits of the proposed activity to society at reflexivity large. Examples illustrating activities likely to demonstrate broader impacts are available electronically on the NSF website. A Table of Contents is automatically generated for the proposal by the FastLane system. The proposer cannot edit this form. (ii) Page Limitations and Inclusion of Universal Resource Locators (URLs) within the two types, Project Description.

Brevity will assist reviewers and anthropology Foundation staff in dealing effectively with proposals. Two Types? Therefore, the Project Description (including Results from Prior NSF Support, which is limited to five pages) may not exceed 15 pages . Visual materials, including charts, graphs, maps, photographs and other pictorial presentations are included in the 15-page limitation. PIs are cautioned that the project description must be self-contained and that URLs that provide information related to the proposal should not be used because 1) the information could circumvent page limitations, 2) the reviewers are under no obligation to reasons, view the sites, and 3) the sites could be altered or abolished between the time of two types, submission and the time of review. Conformance to the 15-page limitation will be strictly enforced and may not be exceeded unless a deviation has been specifically authorized. (GPG Chapter II.A contains information on deviations.) (iii) Results from Prior NSF Support. If any PI or co-PI identified on the project has received NSF funding in the past five years, information on the award(s) is required. Each PI and co-PI who has received more than one award (excluding amendments) must report on the award most closely related to the proposal. The following information must be provided: (a) the NSF award number, amount and period of support; (b) the title of the project; (c) a summary of the reflexivity, results of the completed work, including, for a research project, any contribution to the development of human resources in science and engineering; (d) publications resulting from the NSF award; (e) a brief description of available data, samples, physical collections and other related research products not described elsewhere; and. (f) if the proposal is for renewed support, a description of the relation of the completed work to two types of utilitarianism, the proposed work. Reviewers will be asked to comment on the quality of the prior work described in this section of the proposal. Please note that the Teens as Victims Essay, proposal may contain up to two types, five pages to describe the results.

Results may be summarized in malaysia religion, fewer than five pages, which would give the two types of utilitarianism, balance of the 15 pages for the Project Description. (iv) Unfunded Collaborations. Any substantial collaboration with individuals not included in the budget should be described and documented with a letter from each collaborator, which should be provided in the supplementary documentation section of the FastLane Proposal Preparation Module. Collaborative activities that are identified in the budget should follow the instructions in GPG Chapter II.D.3. NSF encourages submission of proposals by groups of investigators; often these are submitted to carry out interdisciplinary projects. Unless stipulated in a specific program solicitation, however, such proposals will be subject to the 15-page Project Description limitation established in Section (ii) above. PIs who wish to the ransom chief and other stories, exceed the established page limitations for two types of utilitarianism the Project Description must request and reflexivity receive a deviation in advance of two types of utilitarianism, proposal submission. (GPG Chapter II.A contains information on destination, deviations.) (vi) Proposals for of utilitarianism Renewed Support.

A proposal for renewed support may be either a “traditional” proposal in which the define ii, proposed work is documented and described as fully as though the proposer were applying for two types the first time; or, an “Accomplishment-Based Renewal” (ABR) proposal, in which the project description is of Cyberbullying Essay, replaced by copies of no more than six reprints of publications resulting from the research supported by two types, NSF during the preceding three to five year period, plus a brief summary of plans for the proposed support period. (See GPG Chapter V for religion additional information on preparation of Renewal Proposals.) e. References Cited. Reference information is required. Each reference must include the names of two types of utilitarianism, all authors (in the same sequence in the ransom, which they appear in the publication), the article and journal title, book title, volume number, page numbers, and year of publication. Two Types Of Utilitarianism? If the document is available electronically, the website address also should be identified. 19 Proposers must be especially careful to follow accepted scholarly practices in providing citations for source materials relied upon when preparing any section of the proposal. While there is no established page limitation for the references, this section must include bibliographic citations only and must not be used to provide parenthetical information outside of the 15-page project description. f. Biographical Sketch(es) (i) Senior Personnel. A biographical sketch (limited to two pages) is required for each individual identified as senior project personnel. Malaysia Religion? (See GPG Exhibit II-7 for the definitions of Senior Personnel.) The following information must be provided in the order and format specified below. Do not submit personal information such as home address; home telephone, fax, or cell phone numbers; home e-mail address; date of birth; citizenship; drivers’ license numbers; marital status; personal hobbies; and of utilitarianism the like. Such personal information is irrelevant to the merits of the proposal.

If such information is included, NSF will make every effort to prevent unauthorized access to such material, but the Foundation is not responsible or in any way liable for the release of reasons why graffiti is art, such material. (See also GPG Chapter III.G). (a) Professional Preparation. A list of the individual's undergraduate and graduate education and postdoctoral training as indicated below: Inclusive Dates (years) A list, in reverse chronological order, of all the individual's academic/professional appointments beginning with the current appointment.

A list of: (i) up to 5 publications most closely related to the proposed project; and (ii) up to two types of utilitarianism, 5 other significant publications, whether or not related to the proposed project. Each publication identified must include the names of all authors (in the the ransom and other, same sequence in which they appear in the publication), the article and journal title, book title, volume number, page numbers, and year of publication. If the document is available electronically, the website address also should be identified. For unpublished manuscripts, list only those submitted or accepted for publication (along with most likely date of of utilitarianism, publication). Patents, copyrights and software systems developed may be substituted for malaysia religion publications.

Additional lists of publications, invited lectures, etc., must not be included. Only the list of two types, 10 will be used in as Victims Essay, the review of the proposal. (d) Synergistic Activities. A list of up to five examples that demonstrate the broader impact of the individual’s professional and scholarly activities that focuses on the integration and transfer of knowledge as well as its creation. Examples could include, among others: innovations in teaching and training (e.g., development of curricular materials and pedagogical methods); contributions to the science of learning; development and/or refinement of of utilitarianism, research tools; computation methodologies, and algorithms for problem-solving; development of databases to support research and education; broadening the pope urban ii, participation of groups underrepresented in science, mathematics, engineering and technology; and service to the scientific and engineering community outside of the individual’s immediate organization.

(e) Collaborators Other Affiliations. Collaborators and Co-Editors. A list of all persons in alphabetical order (including their current organizational affiliations) who are currently, or who have been collaborators or co-authors with the individual on a project, book, article, report, abstract or paper during the 48 months preceding the submission of the two types of utilitarianism, proposal. Also include those individuals who are currently or have been co-editors of a journal, compendium, or conference proceedings during the 24 months preceding the submission of the proposal. If there are no collaborators or co-editors to report, this should be so indicated.

Graduate Advisors and Postdoctoral Sponsors. A list of the names of the individual’s own graduate advisor(s) and define urban principal postdoctoral sponsor(s), and their current organizational affiliations. Thesis Advisor and Postgraduate-Scholar Sponsor. A list of all persons (including their organizational affiliations), with whom the two types of utilitarianism, individual has had an association as thesis advisor, or with whom the individual has had an association within the last five years as a postgraduate-scholar sponsor. The Ransom Of Red And Other? The total number of graduate students advised and postdoctoral scholars sponsored also must be identified. The information in two types, section (e) above of the biographical sketch is pope urban, used to help identify potential conflicts or bias in the selection of reviewers.

See GPG Exhibit II-2 for additional information on potential reviewer conflicts. (ii) Other Personnel. For the personnel categories listed below, the proposal also may include information on exceptional qualifications that merit consideration in the evaluation of the proposal. (a) Postdoctoral associates. (b) Other professionals. (c) Students (research assistants) (iii) Equipment Proposals. For equipment proposals, the following must be provided for each auxiliary user: (a) Short biographical sketch; and. (b) List of up to five publications most closely related to the proposed acquisition. Each proposal must contain a budget for two types of utilitarianism each year of of Cyberbullying, support requested, unless a particular program solicitation stipulates otherwise.

The amounts requested for each budget line item should be documented and justified in the budget justification as specified below. The budget justification should be no more than three pages. The proposal may request funds under any of the categories listed so long as the item and of utilitarianism amount are considered necessary, reasonable, allocable, and allowable under the applicable cost principles, NSF policy, and/or the program solicitation. Amounts and expenses budgeted also must be consistent with the proposing organization's policies and procedures and cost accounting practices used in accumulating and reporting costs. A discussion of the of red chief stories, budget and the allowability of two types of utilitarianism, selected items of cost is contained in both the GPG (from a budget preparation perspective) and in the Award Administration Guide (AAG) (from an as Victims, allowability and administration perspective), as well as NSF program solicitations. In preparation of the budget, however, proposers are encouraged to consult the AAG to determine whether a certain category of cost is allowable under an NSF award. Cost principles governing the allowability of of utilitarianism, costs are contained in destination tokyo, OMB Circulars A-21 (Colleges Universities), A-87 (State, Local, Indian Tribal Governments), and A-122 (Non-Profit Organizations) and are available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/index.html. Cost Principles applicable to for-profit organizations can be found in the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR), Part 31. (i) Salaries and Wages (Lines A and B on the Proposal Budget)

As a general policy, NSF recognizes that salaries of faculty members and other personnel associated directly with the project constitute appropriate direct costs and may be requested in proportion to two types, the effort devoted to the project. Individuals included on budget lines A and B should be employees of the pope, proposing organization. Budget lines A and B should not include compensation related to consultants or subawardees. Salaries and two types of utilitarianism wages for consultants and subawardees should be budgeted on Lines G.3. and reasons why graffiti G.5 of the proposal budget, respectively. NSF regards research as one of the two types, normal functions of faculty members at the ransom chief institutions of higher education. Compensation for time normally spent on research within the term of appointment is deemed to be included within the faculty member’s regular organizational salary. Grant funds may not be used to augment the total salary or salary rate of faculty members during the period covered by the term of faculty appointment or to reimburse faculty members for two types of utilitarianism consulting or other time in addition to and other, a regular full-time organizational salary covering the same general period of employment. Exceptions may be considered under certain NSF science and engineering education program solicitations for of utilitarianism weekend and evening classes, remote locations, or for administrative work done as overload.

If anticipated, any intent to why graffiti is art, provide salary compensation above the base salary should be disclosed in the grant proposal budget justification and must be specifically approved by NSF in the award notice. Summer salary for two types faculty members at colleges and universities on academic-year appointments is limited to no more than two-ninths of their regular academic-year salary. Urban Ii? This limit includes summer salary received from all NSF-funded grants. These same general principles apply to other types of non-academic organizations, such as research institutes. Two Types? Since their employment periods are usually annual, salary must be shown under “calendar months.” An independent institute or laboratory may propose to employ college or university faculty members on a part-time basis.

In such cases, it is the general intent of the above policies to limit an reasons why graffiti is art, individual’s total compensation to what would be earned under a grant to the home academic institution. In most circumstances, particularly for institutions of of utilitarianism, higher education, salaries of administrative or clerical staff are included as part of reflexivity anthropology, indirect costs (also known as Facilities and of utilitarianism Administrative Costs (FA) for is art Colleges and Universities). Salaries of administrative or clerical staff may be requested as direct costs for a project requiring an extensive amount of administrative or clerical support and where these costs can be readily and specifically identified with the project with a high degree of accuracy. Salaries for administrative or clerical staff shall be budgeted as a direct cost only if this type of cost is consistently treated as a direct cost in like circumstances for all other projects and cost objectives. The circumstances for requiring direct charging of these services must be clearly described in the budget justification. Such costs, if not clearly justified, may be deleted by two types, NSF. See OMB Memorandum dated July 13, 1994, for anthropology examples of where direct charging of administrative salaries may be appropriate. Additional information on the charging of of utilitarianism, salaries and wages to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.1. The names of the PI(s), faculty, and other senior personnel and the estimated number of of red chief and other, full-time-equivalent academic-year, summer, or calendar-year person-months for which NSF funding is requested and the total amount of salaries requested per year must be listed.

For postdoctoral associates and other professionals, the total number of persons for each position must be listed, with the two types of utilitarianism, number of full-time-equivalent person-months and total amount of as Victims, salaries requested per of utilitarianism year. Teens As Victims Of Cyberbullying Essay? For graduate and undergraduate students, secretarial, clerical, technical, etc., whose time will be charged directly to the project, only the total number of two types, persons and total amount of salaries requested per year in each category is required. Salaries requested must be consistent with the pope urban, organization’s regular practices. The budget justification should detail the rates of two types of utilitarianism, pay by individual for senior personnel, postdoctoral associates, and other professionals. The budget may request funds for support of graduate or undergraduate research assistants to help carry out the proposed research. Compensation classified as salary payments must be requested in the ransom, the salaries and wages category. (c) Confidential Budgetary Information.

The proposing organization may request that salary data on senior personnel not be released to two types of utilitarianism, persons outside the destination, Government during the review process. In such cases, the two types, item for senior personnel salaries in the proposal may appear as a single figure and the person-months represented by Teens, that amount omitted. Of Utilitarianism? If this option is exercised, senior personnel salaries and person-months must be itemized in Teens of Cyberbullying, a separate statement, and forwarded to NSF in accordance with the instructions specified in GPG Chapter I.D.3. Two Types? This statement must include all of the information requested on the proposal budget for each person involved. NSF will not forward the detailed information to reviewers and will hold it privileged to the extent permitted by law. Destination Tokyo? The information on senior personnel salaries will be used as the basis for determining the of utilitarianism, salary amounts shown in the grant budget. The box for Proprietary or Privileged Information must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet when the proposal contains confidential budgetary information. 20. (ii) Fringe Benefits (Line C on the Proposal Budget)

If the proposer's usual accounting practices provide that its contributions to employee benefits (social security, retirement, other payroll-related taxes and chief and other stories time off including vacation, sick, and other leave, etc.) be treated as direct costs, NSF grant funds may be requested to fund fringe benefits as a direct cost. Two Types Of Utilitarianism? These are typically determined by application of a calculated fringe benefit rate for define pope urban a particular class of employee (full time or part-time) applied to the salaries and two types wages requested. The Ransom Of Red Chief Stories? Although, they also may be paid based on two types, actual costs for individual employees, if that institutional policy has been approved by the cognizant federal agency. (iii) Equipment (Line D on the Proposal Budget) Equipment is defined as an item of property that has an acquisition cost of malaysia religion, $5,000 or more (unless the organization has established lower levels) and an expected service life of more than one year.

It is important to two types of utilitarianism, note that the acquisition cost of equipment includes modifications, attachments, and accessories necessary to make the property usable for the purpose for which it was purchased. Items of needed equipment must be adequately justified, listed individually by description and estimated cost. Allowable items ordinarily will be limited to research equipment and apparatus not already available for the conduct of the work. General-purpose equipment, such as a personal computer and office furnishings, are not eligible for support unless primarily or exclusively used in the actual conduct of scientific research. Additional information on the charging of equipment to define pope ii, an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.2. (iv) Travel (Line E on the Proposal Budget)

Travel and its relation to the proposed activities must be specified and itemized by two types, destination and cost. Reflexivity Anthropology? Funds may be requested for field work, attendance at meetings and conferences, and other travel associated with the proposed work, including subsistence. In order to qualify for support, however, attendance at meetings or conferences must be necessary to accomplish proposal objectives, or disseminate its results. Allowance for air travel normally will not exceed the cost of round-trip, economy airfares. Persons traveling under NSF grants must travel by US-Flag Air carriers, if available.

21. Additional information on the charging of of utilitarianism, travel costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.4. (b) Domestic Travel. For budget preparation purposes, domestic travel includes travel in the US, its possessions, Puerto Rico, and travel to Canada and Mexico. (c) Foreign Travel.

For budget purposes, travel outside the areas specified above is considered foreign. The proposal must include relevant information, including countries to be visited (also enter names of countries on the proposal budget), dates of visit, if known, and malaysia religion justification for two types of utilitarianism any foreign travel planned in connection with the project. Travel support for dependents of key project personnel may be requested only when all of the following conditions apply: (i) the individual is urban ii, a key person who is essential to the research on a full-time basis; (ii) the individual’s residence away from home and in a foreign country is for a continuous period of six months or more and two types of utilitarianism is essential to the effective performance of the project; and. (iii) the dependent’s travel allowance is consistent with the policies of the organization administering the grant. (v) Participant Support (Line F on the Proposal Budget) This budget category refers to costs of transportation, per diem, stipends and tokyo other related costs for participants or trainees (but not employees) in connection with NSF-sponsored conferences, meetings, symposia, training activities and workshops. Two Types Of Utilitarianism? 22 (See GPG Chapter II.D.7) For some educational projects conducted at local school districts, however, the participants being trained are employees. Anthropology? In such cases, the costs must be classified as participant support if payment is made through a stipend or training allowance method. The school district must have an accounting mechanism in place (i.e., sub-account code) to two types of utilitarianism, differentiate between regular salary and stipend payments.

Generally, indirect costs (FA) are not allowed on destination tokyo, participant support costs. Of Utilitarianism? The number of participants to be supported must be entered in the parentheses on of red chief and other, the proposal budget. These costs also must be justified in the budget justification section of the proposal. Some programs, such as Research Experiences for Undergraduates, have special instructions for treatment of two types, participant support. Additional information on the charging of reflexivity anthropology, participant support costs to of utilitarianism, an NSF award is available in Teens of Cyberbullying, AAG Chapter V.B.8. (vi) Other Direct Costs (Lines G1 through G6 on the Proposal Budget) Any costs proposed to an NSF grant must be allowable, reasonable and two types directly allocable to the supported activity.

The budget must identify and the ransom of red and other stories itemize other anticipated direct costs not included under the headings above, including materials and supplies, publication costs, computer services and consultant services. Examples include aircraft rental, space rental at research establishments away from the grantee organization, minor building alterations, payments to human subjects, service charges, and construction of equipment or systems not available off the shelf. Reference books and periodicals may be charged to the grant only if they are specifically allocable to the project being supported by NSF. (a) Materials and Supplies (Line G1 on the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget justification should indicate the general types of two types of utilitarianism, expendable materials and supplies required. Materials and supplies are defined as tangible personal property, other than equipment, costing less than $5,000, or other lower threshold consistent with the of red stories, policy established by the proposing organization.

Cost estimates must be included for items that represent a substantial amount of the proposed line item cost. (b) Publication/Documentation/Dissemination (Line G2 on the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget may request funds for the costs of documenting, preparing, publishing or otherwise making available to others the findings and products of the work conducted under the two types of utilitarianism, grant. This generally includes the following types of malaysia religion, activities: reports, reprints, page charges or other journal costs (except costs for prior or early publication); necessary illustrations; cleanup, documentation, storage and indexing of data and databases; development, documentation and of utilitarianism debugging of software; and storage, preservation, documentation, indexing, etc., of physical specimens, collections or fabricated items. Additional information on the charging of publication/documentation/dissemination costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.7.

(c) Consultant Services (Line G3 on the Proposal Budget) Anticipated consultant services must be justified and information furnished on each individual’s expertise, primary organizational affiliation, normal daily compensation rate, and number of days of expected service. Consultants’ travel costs, including subsistence, may be included. If requested, the proposer must be able to justify that the proposed rate of pay is Teens as Victims of Cyberbullying, reasonable. 23.

Additional information on of utilitarianism, the charging of consultant costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.6. (d) Computer Services (Line G4 on the Proposal Budget) The cost of computer services, including computer-based retrieval of scientific, technical and educational information, may be requested only where it is institutional policy to charge such costs as direct charges. A justification based on the established computer service rates at the proposing organization must be included. Religion? The proposal budget also may request costs for leasing of computer equipment. General purpose (word processing, spreadsheets, communication) computer equipment should not be requested.

Special purpose or scientific use computers or associated hardware and software, however, may be requested as items of equipment when necessary to accomplish the project objectives and not otherwise reasonably available. Additional information on the charging of of utilitarianism, computer services to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.5. (e) Subawards 24 (Line G5 on the Proposal Budget) Except for is art the procurement of such items as commercially available supplies, materials, equipment or general support services allowable under the grant, no significant part of the research or substantive effort under an NSF grant may be contracted or otherwise transferred to another organization without prior NSF authorization. The intent to enter into such arrangements must be disclosed in the proposal, and of utilitarianism a separate budget should be provided for each subawardee, if already identified, along with a description of the work to religion, be performed. Of Utilitarianism? Otherwise, the disclosure should include a clear description of the destination tokyo, work to be performed, and the basis for selection of the subawardee (except for collaborative/joint arrangements).

(f) Other (Line G6 on the Proposal Budget) Any other direct costs not specified in Lines G1 through G5 must be identified on Line G6. Such costs must be itemized and detailed in the budget justification. Two Types? 25. (vii) Total Direct Costs (Line H on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of direct costs requested in the budget, to include Lines A through G, must be entered on Line H. (viii) Indirect Costs (also known as Facilities and Administrative Costs (FA) for malaysia Colleges and Universities) (Line I on the Proposal Budget) The applicable indirect cost rate(s) negotiated by the organization with the cognizant negotiating agency must be used in computing indirect costs (FA) for of utilitarianism a proposal. The amount for indirect costs should be calculated by applying the and other, current negotiated indirect cost rate(s) to the approved base(s). Indirect cost recovery for colleges, universities, and other organizations of higher education are additionally restricted by two types, OMB Circular A-21.

The Circular stipulates in section G.7.a. Destination Tokyo? that Federal agencies are required to use the negotiated FA rates that are in effect at the time of the initial award throughout the life of the sponsored agreement. Additional information on the charging of indirect costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.D. For proposing organizations that do not have a current negotiated rate agreement with a cognizant Federal agency, its business officer should prepare an of utilitarianism, indirect cost proposal based on define pope ii, expenditures for its most recently ended fiscal year. If the two types of utilitarianism, proposal is recommended for pope funding, the proposing organization will be required to provide its indirect cost proposal to support the two types, budgeted indirect rate. The contents and financial data included in indirect cost proposals vary according to the make-up of the proposing organization. A sample indirect cost proposal is reflexivity anthropology, available at: https://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/caar/indirect.htm. Proposing organizations submitting a proposal to two types of utilitarianism, NSF for the first time are encouraged to request guidance from the religion, Cost Analysis Audit Resolution Branch of NSF’s Division of two types, Institution Award Support at tokyo (703) 292-8244. Within Government guidelines, it is NSF policy that grantees are entitled to reimbursement from grant funds for indirect costs (FA) allocable to the NSF share of allowable direct costs of a project. NSF program staff may not negotiate indirect costs as a discrete item of a proposal budget since only the duly authorized Grants and Agreements Officer has authority to two types of utilitarianism, negotiate indirect costs. NSF program staff are not authorized to suggest or request that PI/PDs seek reductions or waivers of indirect costs except as explicitly specified in applicable NSF program solicitations.

Exceptions to Basic Policy. No Indirect or Limited Reimbursement. In some cases, however, NSF program solicitations may indicate no or limited reimbursement for indirect costs. In addition, NSF generally provides no amounts for indirect costs for define urban ii the following: grants solely for the support of travel, equipment, construction of two types of utilitarianism, facilities, or doctoral dissertation research; grants in which NSF support is tokyo, exclusively in the form of fellowships, traineeships or other fixed amounts such as cost-of-education allowances; participant support costs. However, an allowance for indirect costs associated with participant support costs may be established or negotiated in advance when circumstances indicate that the grantee could be expected to incur significant expenses in of utilitarianism, administering participant payments (other than salary or other direct expenses being reimbursed under the award). or, foreign grantees (unless the foreign grantee has a previously negotiated rate agreement with a US Federal agency that has a practice of negotiating rates with foreign entities). (ix) Total Direct and Indirect Costs (FA) (Line J on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of direct and indirect costs (FA) (sum of Lines H and I) must be entered on anthropology, Line J. (x) Amount of This Request (Line L on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of funds requested by the proposer should be the same as the amount entered on Line J. If disapproved, Line L will be equal to two types of utilitarianism, Line J minus Line K. (xi) Cost Sharing (Line M on the Proposal Budget)

Since issuance of the reasons why graffiti, NSF Cost Sharing Policy in 1999, the Foundation’s cost sharing policy has continued to be an issue widely discussed by the community, as well as within NSF and the National Science Board (NSB). Cost sharing was most recently discussed formally at the NSB's 382nd meeting on October 13-14, 2004, when the Board approved a revision to the Foundation's policy on of utilitarianism, cost sharing to eliminate NSF program-specific cost sharing requirements. In implementation of the Board's policy, there is no expectation by the Foundation that proposals submitted for funding will include a cost sharing component. When cost sharing is included on Line M, it is solely at the discretion of the proposing institution and will not be a factor in the Foundation's decision to make an of red chief and other stories, award. Two Types Of Utilitarianism? However, once cost sharing is proposed on Line M, and accepted by the Foundation, the commitment of funds becomes legally binding and is subject to audit. 26. Failure to provide the level of the ransom and other stories, cost sharing reflected in the approved grant budget may result in termination of the NSF grant, disallowance of grant costs and/or refund of two types of utilitarianism, grant funds to Teens as Victims of Cyberbullying Essay, NSF by the grantee. (xii) Unallowable Costs. Proposers should be familiar with the complete list of unallowable costs that is contained in the applicable cost principles.

The following categories of unallowable costs are highlighted because of two types, their sensitivity: Costs of entertainment, amusement, diversion and social activities and tokyo any costs directly associated with such activities (such as tickets to two types of utilitarianism, shows or sporting events, meals, lodging, rentals, transportation and gratuities) are unallowable. Is Art? Travel, meal and hotel expenses of grantee employees who are not on travel status are unallowable. Costs of employees on travel status are limited to those allowed under the governing cost principles for travel expenses. (b) Meals and Coffee Breaks. No NSF funds may be spent on meals or coffee breaks for intramural meetings of an organization or any of its components, including, but not limited to, laboratories, departments and centers. (c) Alcoholic Beverages. No NSF funds may be spent on alcoholic beverages. Additional information on the charging of of utilitarianism, certain types of costs generally associated with meetings and religion conferences to NSF awards is available in two types of utilitarianism, AAG Chapter V.C.5. h. Current and Pending Support. This section of the proposal calls for required information on all current and pending support for ongoing projects and proposals, including subsequent funding in the case of continuing grants.

All current project support from whatever source (e.g., Federal, State, local or foreign government agencies, public or private foundations, industrial or other commercial organizations) must be listed. The proposed project and all other projects or activities requiring a portion of time of the PI and other senior personnel must be included, even if they receive no salary support from the project(s). The total award amount for the entire award period covered (including indirect costs) must be shown as well as the number of person-months per year to be devoted to the project, regardless of source of support. Similar information must be provided for tokyo all proposals already submitted or submitted concurrently to other possible sponsors, including NSF. Concurrent submission of a proposal to two types, other organizations will not prejudice its review by NSF.

Note the pope, Biological Sciences Directorate exception to this policy, however, delineated in GPG Chapter I.G.2. If the project now being submitted has been funded previously by two types, a source other than NSF, the pope, information requested in the paragraph above must be furnished for the last period of funding. i. Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources. This section of the proposal is used to assess the adequacy of the two types of utilitarianism, organizational resources available to perform the pope ii, effort proposed. Proposers must describe only of utilitarianism, those resources that are directly applicable. j. Special Information and Supplementary Documentation. Except as specified below, special information and malaysia religion supplementary documentation must be included as part of the project description (or part of the budget justification), if it is relevant to determining the two types of utilitarianism, quality of the proposed work. Information submitted in malaysia, the following areas is not considered part of the of utilitarianism, 15-page project description limitation. Destination Tokyo? This Special Information and Supplementary Documentation section also is of utilitarianism, not considered an appendix.

Specific guidance on the need for additional documentation may be obtained from the organization’s sponsored projects office or in the references cited below. Rationale for performance of all or part of the project off-campus or away from organizational headquarters. (See AAG Chapter V.D.1) Documentation of collaborative arrangements of significance to the proposal through letters of commitment. (See GPG Chapter II.C.2d(iv)). The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 USC §4332). NEPA requires that Federal agencies consider the environmental impacts of major Federal actions significantly affecting the malaysia religion, quality of the human environment. If a proposed project might have an environmental impact, the proposal should furnish sufficient information to two types of utilitarianism, assist Foundation officials in assessing the environmental consequences of Teens as Victims of Cyberbullying, supporting the two types of utilitarianism, project. NSF will determine: the adequacy of the information submitted; whether or not additional information is needed; and whether or not an environmental assessment or environmental impact statement will be necessary. Work in foreign countries. Some governments require nonresidents to obtain official approval to carry out pope, investigations within their borders and two types of utilitarianism coastal waters under their jurisdiction. PIs are responsible for obtaining the religion, required authorizations and for of utilitarianism advising NSF that they have been obtained or requested. Advance coordination should minimize disruption of the research. (See AAG Chapter VI.B.4 and VI.G.3)

Antarctic proposals to destination, any NSF program require operational worksheets by two types, the first Wednesday of June in the year before any proposed fieldwork. Destination Tokyo? See “proposals with fieldwork” in Chapter V.A of Antarctic Research. Special budget considerations also apply. See Chapter V.B of Antarctic Research. Research in a location designated, or eligible to be designated, a registered historic place. (See AAG Chapter VI.K). Where applicable, the box for “Historic Places” must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet. Research involving field experiments with genetically engineered organisms. Of Utilitarianism? (See AAG Chapter VI.B.2) Documentation regarding research involving the use of human subjects, hazardous materials, vertebrate animals, or endangered species. (See AAG Chapter VI.B. and GPG Chapter II.D.5 and II.D.6).

Projects that involve technology utilization/transfer activities, that require a management plan, or that involve special reports or final products. Please note that some program solicitations provide specific guidance on preparation and inclusion of management plans in proposals submitted to NSF. Special components in new proposals or in requests for supplements, such as Facilitation Awards for tokyo Scientists and two types of utilitarianism Engineers with Disabilities (FASED), Research Opportunity Awards (ROAs) or Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REUs). (See GPG Chapter II.D.2 for information on FASED, and for the other programs identified, consult the relevant program solicitation.) Research in Undergraduate Institutions . Define? (See RUI program solicitation for information.) In addition, the two types of utilitarianism, supplementary documentation section should alert NSF officials to unusual circumstances that require special handling, including, for example, proprietary or other privileged information in chief, the proposal, matters affecting individual privacy, required intergovernmental review under E.O. 12372 (Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs) for activities that directly affect State or local governments, or possible national security implications. Proposers are reminded that, unless required by a specific program solicitation, letters of support should not be submitted as they are not a standard component of an NSF proposal, and, if included, a reviewer is under no obligation to review these materials. Letters of support submitted in response to a program solicitation requirement must be unique to the specific proposal submitted and cannot be altered without the author’s explicit prior approval. NSF may return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions.

All information necessary for two types of utilitarianism the review of a proposal must be contained in Sections A through I of the proposal. Appendices may not be included unless a deviation has been authorized . GPG Chapter II.A contains further information. D. Special Guidelines. 1. Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER) Proposals. Proposals for small-scale, exploratory, high-risk research in the fields of and other, science, engineering and education normally supported by NSF may be submitted to two types of utilitarianism, individual programs.

Such research is the ransom, characterized as: preliminary work on untested and novel ideas; ventures into emerging and potentially transformative research ideas; application of new expertise or new approaches to “established” research topics; having a severe urgency with regard to availability of, or access to data, facilities or specialized equipment, including quick-response research on natural or anthropogenic disasters and similar unanticipated events; or. efforts of similar character likely to catalyze rapid and innovative advances. Investigators are strongly encouraged to contact the NSF program(s) most germane to the proposal topic before submitting an SGER proposal. This will facilitate determining whether the proposed work meets the guidelines described above and availability and appropriateness for SGER funding, or whether the work is more appropriate for submission as a fully reviewed proposal. SGER proposals are prepared in two types, accordance with the following guidelines. Note the proposal preparation instructions for these types of pope, proposals deviate from the standard proposal preparation instructions contained in two types of utilitarianism, this Guide. The project description must be brief (no more than two to five pages) and include clear statements as to why the pope ii, proposed research should be considered particularly exploratory and high risk, the nature and significance of its potential impact on the field, and why an SGER grant would be a suitable means of supporting the two types, work. Brief biographical information is required for the PI and co-PI(s) only, and must list no more than five significant publications or other research products. Reflexivity? The box for “Small Grant for Exploratory Research” must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet.

These proposals will be subject to two types, internal NSF merit review only. Renewed funding of SGER awards may be requested only through submission of a non-SGER proposal that will be subject to full merit review. The maximum SGER award amount will not exceed $200,000. Although the initial maximum award amount is $200,000, the award amount usually will be substantially less than a given program’s average award amount. The project’s duration will normally be one year, but may be up to two years.

At the destination, discretion of the of utilitarianism, Program Officer, and with the concurrence of the Division Director, a small fraction of especially promising SGER awards may be extended for malaysia a maximum of two types, six additional months and/or supplemented with up to an additional $50,000 in funding. The Ransom Chief And Other? The SGER award extensions will be possible for awards of two-year initial duration as well as for those of of utilitarianism, shorter initial duration. Requests for extensions must be submitted one to two months before the expiration date of the initial award. A project report and outline of proposed research, not to exceed five pages, must be included. 2. Destination? Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) As part of its effort to promote full utilization of two types, highly qualified scientists, mathematicians, and engineers, and to develop scientific and technical talent, the Foundation has the following goals: to reduce or remove barriers to participation in research and the ransom and other training by physically disabled individuals by providing special equipment and assistance under awards made by NSF; and. to encourage disabled individuals to pursue careers in science and engineering by two types, stimulating the malaysia religion, development and demonstration of special equipment that facilitates their work performance. Individuals with disabilities eligible for facilitation awards include principal investigators, other senior project personnel, and two types of utilitarianism graduate and undergraduate students. The cognizant NSF Program Officer will make decisions regarding what constitutes appropriate support on a case-by-case basis.

The specific nature, purpose, and need for equipment or assistance should be described in sufficient detail in the proposal to Teens as Victims of Cyberbullying, permit evaluation by knowledgeable reviewers. There is of utilitarianism, no separate program for funding of special equipment or assistance. Malaysia? Requests are made in conjunction with regular competitive proposals, or as a supplemental funding request to an existing NSF award. Specific instructions for each type of request are provided below. a. Requests as part of a competitive proposal submission.

Funds may be requested to purchase special equipment, modify equipment or provide services required specifically for the work to be undertaken. Requests for funds for equipment or assistance that compensate in a general way for the disabling condition are not permitted. For example, funds may be requested to provide: prosthetic devices to manipulate a particular apparatus; equipment to convert sound to visual signals, or vice versa, for a particular experiment; access to two types, a special site or to a mode of transportation (except as defined below); a reader or interpreter with special technical competence related to the project; or other special-purpose equipment or assistance needed to conduct a particular project. Items, however, such as standard wheel chairs, prosthetics, hearing aids, TDD/text-phones, or general readers for the blind would not be supported because the need for them is not specific to the proposed project. Similarly, ramps, elevators, or other structural modifications of research facilities are not eligible for direct support under this program. No maximum funding amount has been established for Teens as Victims of Cyberbullying Essay such requests. It is expected, however, that the two types of utilitarianism, cost (including equipment adaptation and installation) will not be a major component of the total proposed budget for the project. Requests for funds for special equipment or assistance to facilitate the pope urban ii, participation of individuals with disabilities should be included in the proposed budget for the project and two types of utilitarianism documented in the budget justification. The specific nature, purpose and need for such equipment or assistance should be described in sufficient detail in reflexivity, the Project Description to permit evaluation of the two types, request by knowledgeable reviewers.

b. Reflexivity Anthropology? Supplemental funding requests to existing NSF grants. Supplemental funds for special equipment or assistance to facilitate participation in NSF-supported projects by persons with disabilities may be provided under existing NSF grants. Normally, title is vested in the grantee organization for of utilitarianism equipment purchased in conjunction with NSF-supported activities. In accordance with the GC-1), 27 the grantee organization guarantees use of the equipment for the specific project during the period of work funded by reflexivity anthropology, the Foundation, and assures its use in an appropriate manner after project completion. Two Types? In instances involving special equipment for persons with disabilities, the need for such may be unique to the individual.

In such cases, the grantee organization may elect to transfer title to the individual to assure appropriate use after project completion. Supplemental requests should be submitted electronically by using the ”Supplemental Funding Request” function in FastLane and should include a brief description of the request, a budget and a budget justification. Define Pope? Requests must be submitted at of utilitarianism least two months before funds are needed. Funding decisions will be made on reasons, the basis of the justification and availability of program funds with any resultant funding provided through a formal amendment of the existing NSF grant. 3. Collaborative Proposal. A collaborative proposal is one in which investigators from two or more organizations wish to collaborate on a unified research project. Collaborative proposals may be submitted to NSF in one of two methods: as a single proposal, in which a single award is being requested (with subawards administered by the lead organization); or by simultaneous submission of proposals from different organizations, with each organization requesting a separate award. In either case, the lead organization’s proposal must contain all of the requisite sections as a single package to be provided to two types, reviewers (that will happen automatically when procedures below are followed). All collaborative proposals must clearly describe the roles to be played by the other organizations, specify the managerial arrangements, and Teens of Cyberbullying Essay explain the advantages of the of utilitarianism, multi-organizational effort within the project description.

PIs are strongly encouraged to contact the cognizant NSF Program Officer prior to reasons why graffiti is art, submission of a collaborative proposal. a. Submission of a collaborative proposal from one organization. The single proposal method allows investigators from two or more organizations who have developed an integrated research project to submit a single, focused proposal. A single investigator bears primary responsibility for two types the administration of the pope urban, grant and of utilitarianism discussions with NSF, and, at the discretion of the organizations involved, investigators from any of the participating organizations may be designated as co-PIs. Please note, however, that if awarded, a single award would be made to the submitting organization, with any collaborators listed as subawards. By submission of the proposal, the organization has determined that the proposed activity is administratively manageable. NSF may request a revised proposal, however, if it considers that the anthropology, project is so complex that it will be too difficult to review or administer as presented. Two Types Of Utilitarianism? (See GPG Chapter II.C.2.g.(vi)(e) for additional instructions on malaysia religion, preparation of this type of proposal.) b. Submission of a collaborative proposal from multiple organizations 28.

In many instances, simultaneous submission of proposals that contain the same project description from each organization might be appropriate. For these proposals, the project title must begin with the words Collaborative Research:”. The lead organization's submission will include a proposal Cover Sheet, project summary, project description, references cited, biographical sketches, budgets and budget justification, current and pending support, and facilities, equipment and other resources for their organization. Non-lead organization submissions will include all of the two types, above for their organization except the project summary, project description, and the ransom of red chief stories references cited which are the of utilitarianism, same for all collaborating organizations. FastLane will combine the proposal submission for printing or electronic viewing.

To submit the collaborative proposal, the tokyo, following process must be completed: 29. (i) Each non-lead organization must assign their proposal a proposal PIN. This proposal PIN and the temporary proposal ID generated by FastLane when the non-lead proposal is created must be provided to the lead organization before the of utilitarianism, lead organization submits its proposal to NSF. (ii) The lead organization must then enter each non-lead organization(s) proposal PIN and temporary proposal ID into why graffiti is art, the FastLane lead proposal by using the Link Collaborative Proposals option found on two types, the FastLane Form Preparation screen. Teens? Given that such separately submitted proposals constitute a “single” proposal submission to NSF, it is imperative that the proposals be submitted within a reasonable timeframe to one another. Two Types? Failure to submit all components of the collaborative proposal on destination, a timely basis may impact the review of the proposal. 4. Of Utilitarianism? Proposals for Equipment.

Proposals for specialized equipment may be submitted by an organization for: (1) individual investigators; (2) groups of investigators within the same department; (3) several departments; (4) organization(s) participating in a collaborative or joint arrangement; (5) any components of an as Victims of Cyberbullying, organization; or (6) a region. One individual must be designated as PI. Investigators may be working in closely related areas or their research may be multidisciplinary. Instrumentation and equipment proposals must follow the standard proposal preparation guidelines contained in this Guide. Each potential major user must describe the project(s) for which the equipment will be used. These descriptions must be succinct, not necessarily as detailed as in an individual research proposal, and must emphasize the intrinsic merit of the activity and the importance of the equipment to it. A brief summary will suffice for auxiliary users.

Equipment to be purchased, modified or constructed must be described in sufficient detail to allow comparison of its capabilities with the needs of the proposed activities. Equipment proposals also must describe comparable equipment already at the proposing organization(s) and explain why it cannot be used. This includes comparable government-owned equipment that is on-site. Equipment proposals must discuss arrangements for of utilitarianism acquisition, maintenance and operation, including: biographical sketch of the person(s) who will have overall responsibility for maintenance and operation and a brief statement of qualifications, if not obvious; description of the physical facility, including floor plans or other appropriate information, where the equipment will be located; statement of why the equipment is define pope, severable or non-severable from the physical facility; annual budget for operation and maintenance of the proposed equipment, indicating source of funds, and of utilitarianism particularly related equipment; and. brief description of other support services available and the annual budget for their operation, maintenance and administration. Equipment proposals must include the information described above within the 15-page project description. These proposals normally compete with proposals for malaysia religion research or education projects.

30. 5. Proposals Involving Vertebrate Animals. a. Any project proposing use of vertebrate animals for research or education shall comply with the Animal Welfare Act [7 U.S.C. 2131 et seq.] and the regulations promulgated thereunder by two types of utilitarianism, the Secretary of as Victims Essay, Agriculture [9 CFR 1.1-4.11] pertaining to the humane care, handling, and treatment of vertebrate animals held or used for research, teaching or other activities supported by Federal awards. In accordance with these requirements, proposed projects involving use of any vertebrate animal for research or education must be approved by the submitting organization's Institutional Animal Care and two types of utilitarianism Use Committee (IACUC) before an award can be made. For this approval to be accepted by NSF, the organization must have a current Public Health Service (PHS) Approved Assurance. b. Sufficient information must be provided within the 15-page project description to destination, enable reviewers to evaluate the two types of utilitarianism, choice of species, number of animals to be used, and any necessary exposure of destination tokyo, animals to discomfort, pain, or injury.

c. Research facilities subject to the Animal Welfare Act using or intending to two types, use live animals in research and define pope who receive Federal funding are required to register the facility with the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), US Department of Agriculture. A current listing of licensed animal dealers may also be obtained from APHIS. Two Types? The location of the nearest APHIS Regional Office, as well as information concerning this and other APHIS activities, may be obtained at of red chief stories http://www.aphis.usda.gov/. d. Two Types? Projects involving the care or use of vertebrate animals at why graffiti a foreign organization or foreign field site also require approval of research protocols by the US grantee’s IACUC. If the project is to be funded through an award to a foreign organization or through an individual fellowship award that will support activities at a foreign organization, NSF will require a statement of compliance that the activities will be conducted in accordance with all applicable laws in two types, the foreign country and that the International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals (see http://www.cioms.ch/) will be followed. e. Teens? The following information regarding the organization’s intention to of utilitarianism, utilize vertebrate animals as part of the and other, project should be provided on the NSF Cover Sheet: (1) The box for Vertebrate Animals must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet if use of vertebrate animals is envisioned. (2) The IACUC approval date (if obtained) must be identified in the space provided.

If IACUC approval has not been obtained prior to submission, the proposer should indicate Pending in the space provided for the approval date. (3) If a date is two types, provided, the malaysia, PHS Approved Animal Welfare Assurance Number must be entered in the space provided. f. These same requirements apply to awards to individuals (fellowships) for activities that involve use of vertebrate animals. If an IACUC approval date is entered on the Cover Sheet, a copy of the approval letter from the IACUC with Assurance Number and organizational signature should be included in the Supplementary Documentation section of the proposal or sent directly to two types, the cognizant program. See also AAG Chapter VI.B.3 for additional information on the administration of awards that utilize vertebrate animals. 6. Proposals Involving Human Subjects. a. Projects involving research with human subjects must ensure that subjects are protected from research risks in conformance with the relevant federal policy known as the Common Rule ( Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects , 45 CFR 690). All projects involving human subjects must either (1) have approval from the anthropology, organization's Institutional Review Board (IRB) before issuance of an NSF award or, (2) must affirm that the IRB or an appropriate knowledgeable authority previously designated by the organization (not the of utilitarianism, Principal Investigator) has declared the pope, research exempt from IRB review, in accordance with the applicable subsection, as established in section 101(b) of the Common Rule.

b. The following information regarding the two types of utilitarianism, organization’s intention to utilize human subjects as part of the project should be provided on the NSF Cover Sheet: (1) The box for Human Subjects must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet if use of reflexivity, human subjects is envisioned. (2) If human subject activities are exempt from IRB review, provide the exemption number(s) corresponding to one or more of the exemption categories. The six categories of of utilitarianism, research that qualify for destination tokyo exemption from coverage by the regulations are defined in the Common Rule for Protection of Human Subjects. (3) If the research is not designated as exempt, the of utilitarianism, IRB approval date should be identified in why graffiti is art, the space provided. Two Types Of Utilitarianism? This date, at minimum, should cover the malaysia religion, period at which the project is initiated. Two Types Of Utilitarianism? If IRB approval has not been obtained prior to submission, the proposer should indicate Pending in the space provided for the approval date. (4) Enter the Federal Wide Assurance (FWA) Number that the proposer has on file with the Office of Human Research Protections, if available. See also AAG Chapter VI.B.1 for additional information on the administration of awards that utilize human subjects. 7. Proposals for malaysia religion Conferences, Symposia and Workshops. NSF supports conferences, symposia and workshops in special areas of science and engineering that bring experts together to two types, discuss recent research or education findings or to expose other researchers or students to new research and education techniques.

NSF encourages the convening in the US of major international conferences, symposia and workshops. Reflexivity Anthropology? Conferences will be supported only if equivalent results cannot be obtained at regular meetings of professional societies. Although requests for two types support of conferences, symposia and workshops ordinarily originate with educational institutions or scientific and engineering societies, they also may come from other groups. Shared support by several Federal agencies, States or private organizations is encouraged. Because proceedings of such conferences normally should be published in professional journals, requests for support may include publication costs. Proposals for conferences, symposia and workshops should generally be made at least a year in advance of the scheduled date.

Conferences or meetings, including the facilities in why graffiti, which they are held, funded in whole or in part with NSF funds, must be accessible to participants with disabilities. A conference, symposium or workshop proposal 31 (that complies with the page and two types font size instructions in reflexivity, GPG Chapter II.B) must contain the elements identified below. Note the proposal preparation instructions for these types of proposals deviate from the standard proposal preparation instructions contained in this Guide. A statement of the objectives of the project (summarized in one page or less); A statement of the need for such a gathering and a list of topics; A listing of recent meetings on the same subject, including dates and locations; The names of the chairperson and members of organizing committees and two types their organizational affiliations; Information on malaysia religion, the location and two types probable date(s) of the meeting and the method of announcement or invitation;

A statement of how the meeting will be organized and conducted, how the results of the meeting will be disseminated and how the meeting will contribute to the enhancement and improvement of pope ii, scientific, engineering and/or educational activities; A plan for recruitment of and support for two types speakers and other attendees, that includes participation of groups underrepresented in science and engineering (e.g., underrepresented minorities, women, and persons with disabilities); An estimated total budget for the conference, together with an reasons is art, itemized statement of the two types of utilitarianism, amount of support requested from NSF (the NSF budget may include participant support for transportation (when appropriate), per diem costs, stipends, publication and other conference-related costs. (Note: participant support costs must be excluded from the indirect cost base.) See GPG Chapter II.C.2g(v); and. The support requested or available from reflexivity anthropology, other Federal agencies and other sources. (GPG Chapter II.C.2.h should be consulted to two types, prepare this portion of the proposal.) For additional coverage on allowability of costs associated with meetings and conferences, proposers should consult AAG Chapter V.C.5.

8. Proposals to Support International Travel. Proposals for travel support for US participation in international scientific and engineering meetings held abroad are handled by the NSF organizational unit with program responsibility for the area of interest. Group travel awards are encouraged as the destination tokyo, primary means of support for international travel. A university, professional society or other non-profit organization may apply for funds to enable it to coordinate and support US participation in one or more international scientific meeting(s) abroad. Proposals submitted for this purpose should address the same items as those indicated for conferences, symposia, and workshops (see Section 7 above), with particular attention to plans for composition and recruitment of the travel group.

Information on two types of utilitarianism, planned speakers should be provided where available from the conference organizer. Group travel proposals may request support only for the international travel costs of the proposed activity. However, in addition, group travel proposals also may include as compensation for the grantee, a flat rate of $50 per traveler for reflexivity general administrative costs of of utilitarianism, preparing announcements, evaluating proposals and handling travel arrangements customarily associated with this type of project. (See AAG Chapter VI.G.5) Group travel grantees are required to of red and other stories, retain supporting documentation that funds were spent in accordance with the original intent of the proposal. Such documentation may be required in final reports and is subject to two types of utilitarianism, audit. 9. Proposals for Doctoral Dissertation Research. NSF awards grants in support of doctoral dissertation research in some disciplines, primarily field research in the environmental, behavioral and social sciences.

Support may be sought through those disciplinary programs and, in cases involving research abroad, through the Office of International Science and Engineering. The thesis advisor or concerned faculty member submits proposals on behalf of the graduate student. Further information can be obtained from the cognizant program office. Deadlines for tokyo these programs vary by two types, Directorate. Consult the NSF website for reasons additional information. 10. Support for Development of NSF Centers. NSF provides support for a variety of individual Centers and Centers programs that contribute to the Foundation's vision as outlined in the NSF Strategic Plan. Centers exploit opportunities in science, engineering and technology in two types, which the complexity of the research problem(s) or the resources needed to solve the(se) problem(s) require the advantages of of red stories, scope, scale, change, duration, equipment, facilities, and students that can only two types, be provided by an academic research center. They focus on investigations at the frontiers of knowledge not normally attainable through individual investigations, at the interfaces of disciplines and/or by incorporating fresh approaches to the core of disciplines.

Centers focus on integrative learning and discovery and demonstrate leadership in broadening participation through focused investments in malaysia religion, a diverse set of partner institutions and of utilitarianism individuals. In doing so, they draw upon, and contribute to, the development of the Nation's full intellectual talent. Most Center awards are limited to a maximum duration of ten years and are often subject to reasons, mid-course external merit review. Proposers interested in learning more about current or future NSF Centers are encouraged to contact the appropriate disciplinary Program Officer. 11. Support for Development of of utilitarianism, Major Facilities and Equipment. As an integral part of its stewardship of the science and engineering infrastructure of the country, NSF provides support for Major Research Equipment and Facilities construction.

NSF depends on the research communities to provide input for the planning, development, and implementation of Large Facility Projects. This normally occurs through National Academy of Science studies, community workshop reports, professional society activities, and reflexivity many other methods to ensure community input funded by interested NSF programs on the basis of merit-reviewed proposals. These efforts also can include engineering studies, ad hoc workshops, and research projects related to the development of new technologies. Proposers are strongly encouraged to contact the appropriate disciplinary program officer to discuss potential funding and mechanisms in two types, advance of religion, proposal submission. Exhibit II-1: Proposal Preparation Checklist. It is imperative that all proposals conform to two types, the proposal preparation and reasons why graffiti is art submission instructions specified in this Guide. Proposals also must comply with NSF font, spacing and margin requirements. The guidelines specified in GPG Chapter II.B establish minimum requirements, however, readability is of utmost importance and should take precedence in selection of an two types, appropriate font. Conformance with all preparation and submission instructions is required and malaysia religion will be strictly enforced unless a deviation has been approved in advance of of utilitarianism, proposal submission. NSF may return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions.

See GPG Chapter IV.B for is art additional information. Prior to electronic submission, it is strongly recommended that an administrative review be conducted to ensure that proposals comply with the two types of utilitarianism, instructions, in the format specified. This checklist is not intended to be an is art, all-inclusive repetition of the required proposal contents and associated proposal preparation guidelines. It is, however, meant to highlight certain critical items so they will not be overlooked when the proposal is two types of utilitarianism, prepared. [ ] Proposal is responsive to the program announcement/solicitation or to the GPG. [ ] If a proposal has been previously declined and define urban is being resubmitted, proposal has been revised to take into account the major comments from the prior NSF review. [ ] Proposed work is two types, appropriate for funding by NSF, and is not a duplicate of, or substantially similar to, a proposal already under consideration by NSF from the same submitter. [ ] Single Copy Documents: [ ] Information about Principal Investigators/Project Directors (except for the required information regarding current or previous Federal research support and the name(s) of the PI/co-PI, submission of the define pope urban, information is voluntary). [ ] Authorization to Deviate from NSF Proposal Preparation Requirements (if applicable). [ ] List of Suggested Reviewers, or Reviewers Not to Include (optional).

[ ] Proprietary or Privileged Information Statement (if applicable). [ ] Proposal Certifications (submitted by the Authorized Organizational Representative within 5 working days following the of utilitarianism, electronic submission of the proposal). (See GPG Chapter II.C.1.e for a complete listing of proposal certifications.) [ ] SF LLL, Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (if applicable). (One copy only, scanned as a single copy document.) [ ] Program Announcement/Solicitation No./Closing Date (If the proposal is not submitted in response to a specific program announcement/solicitation, proposers must enter NSF Grant Proposal Guide.) [ ] Specific NSF program(s) identified (if known). [ ] For renewal proposal, previous award number entered. [ ] Related preliminary proposal number entered (if applicable). [ ] Check Appropriate Box(es), and provide requisite information, if the proposal includes any of the items identified. Note in particular, proposals that include use of human subjects or vertebrate animals require additional information to be submitted with these types of proposals. Note limitation of one page, and why graffiti the requirement that both merit review criteria be separately addressed within the body of the Summary. [ ] Note limitation of two types of utilitarianism, 15 pages.

[ ] Merit Review Criteria: Ensure both merit review criteria are described as an integral part of the narrative 32. [ ] Inclusion of Universal Resource Locators (URLs): PIs are advised that the Project Description must be self-contained and are cautioned that URLs (Internet addresses) that provide information necessary to the review of the ii, proposal should not be used because reviewers are not obligated to view such sites. [ ] Results from Prior NSF Support: Required only for PIs and two types of utilitarianism co-PIs who have received NSF support within the last 5 years. [ ] Human-resource information: Required for renewal proposals from academic institutions only. [ ] No page limitation, however, this section must include bibliographic citations only and must not be used to provide parenthetical information outside of the destination tokyo, 15-page Project Description. Each reference must be in the specified format. [ ] Note limitation of 2 pages per two types individual; required for Teens of Cyberbullying all senior project personnel.

The required information must be provided in the order and format specified. [ ] Proposal Budget: (cumulative and two types annual) [ ] Budget Justification (Note limitation of 3 pages per Essay proposal.) [ ] Current and Pending Support: Required for two types of utilitarianism all senior project personnel. [ ] Facilities, Equipment and pope Other Resources. [ ] Special Information and Supplementary Documentation: [ ] See GPG Chapter II.C.2.j for the types of two types of utilitarianism, information appropriate for submission in this section, as required. [ ] Any additional items specified in a relevant program solicitation. [ ] Note that GPG Chapter II.D contains special proposal preparation instructions for certain types of anthropology, proposals. Exhibit II-2: Potentially Disqualifying Conflicts of Interest. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a reviewer cannot review a proposal if: the reviewer, the reviewer’s spouse, minor child, or business partner; the organization where the reviewer is two types of utilitarianism, employed, has an arrangement for future employment or is malaysia religion, negotiating for employment; or. the organization where the reviewer is an officer, director, trustee, or partner, has a financial interest in the outcome of the two types of utilitarianism, proposal. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a potential reviewer also may be barred from reviewing a proposal, if it involves individuals with whom he/she has a personal relationship, such as a close relative, current or former collaborator, or former thesis student/advisor. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a disqualifying conflict may exist, if a proposal involves an institution or other entity with which the potential reviewer has a connection.

Such potentially disqualifying connections include: a reviewer’s recent former employer; an organization in destination tokyo, which the reviewer is an active participant; an institution at which the reviewer is currently enrolled as a student, or at two types of utilitarianism which he/she serves as a visiting committee member; or. an entity with which the reviewer has or seeks some other business or financial relationship (including receipt of an and other, honorarium.) Exhibit II-3: Drug-Free Workplace Certification. Instructions for Certification. By electronically signing the NSF proposal Cover Sheet and submitting this proposal, the grantee is providing the certifications set out below. The certification set out below is a material representation of fact upon which reliance was placed when the of utilitarianism, agency determined to award the grant. If it is later determined that the grantee knowingly rendered a false certification, or otherwise violates the requirements of the Drug-Free Workplace Act, the of red chief and other stories, agency, in of utilitarianism, addition to any other remedies available to the Federal Government, may take action authorized under the Drug-Free Workplace Act.

For grantees other than individuals, Alternate I applies. For grantees who are individuals, Alternate II applies. Certification Regarding Drug-Free Workplace Requirements. Alternate I (Grantees Other Than Individuals) The grantee certifies that it will or will continue to provide a drug-free workplace by: (a) Publishing a statement notifying employees that the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of a controlled substance is destination, prohibited in two types, the grantee’s workplace and specifying the actions that will be taken against employees for violation of malaysia religion, such prohibition; (b) Establishing an ongoing drug-free awareness program to inform employees about of utilitarianism -- (1) The dangers of drug abuse in the workplace; (2) The grantee’s policy of maintaining a drug-free workplace; (3) Any available drug counseling, rehabilitation and employee assistance programs; and.

(4) The penalties that may be imposed upon employees for drug abuse violations occurring in the workplace; (c) Making it a requirement that each employee to be engaged in the performance of the grant be given a copy of the statement required by paragraph (a); (d) Notifying the malaysia, employee in two types of utilitarianism, the statement required by paragraph (a) that, as a condition of employment under the grant, the stories, employee will -- (1) Abide by two types, the terms of the statement; and. (2) Notify the employer in writing of his or her conviction for a violation of a criminal drug statute occurring in the workplace, no later than five calendar days after such conviction; (e) Notifying the agency in Teens of Cyberbullying, writing, within 10 calendar days after receiving notice under subparagraph (d)(2) from an employee or otherwise receiving actual notice of such conviction. Employers of convicted employees must provide notice, including position title, to every grant officer or other designee on whose grant activity the of utilitarianism, convicted employee was working, unless the Federal agency has designated a central point for of Cyberbullying the receipt of such notices. Notice shall include the identification number(s) of each affected grant; (f) Taking one of the following actions, within 30 calendar days of receiving notice under subparagraph (d)(2), with respect to any employee who is so convicted-- (1) Taking appropriate personnel action against such an of utilitarianism, employee, up to and including termination, consistent with the requirements of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended; or. (2) Requiring such employee to of red and other stories, participate satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation program approved for such purposes by a Federal, State, or local health, law enforcement, or other appropriate agency; (g) Making a good faith effort to continue to maintain a drug-free workplace through implementation of paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) and (f). Alternate II (Grantees Who Are Individuals) (a) The grantee certifies that, as a condition of the grant, he or she will not engage in two types of utilitarianism, the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of pope urban ii, a controlled substance in conducting any activity with the grant. (b) If convicted of a criminal drug offense resulting from a violation occurring during the conduct of any grant activity, he or she will report the conviction, in writing, within 10 calendar days of the conviction, to of utilitarianism, every grant officer or other designee, unless the Federal agency designates a central point for the receipt of such notices. As Victims? When notice is made to such a central point, it shall include the two types, identification number(s) of each affected grant. For NSF, grantee notification should be made to the Cost Analysis Audit Resolution Branch, Division of Institution Award Support, NSF, Arlington, VA 22230. Exhibit II-4: Debarment and Suspension Certification.

Instruction on Certification Regarding Debarment and Suspension. By electronically signing and submitting this proposal, the anthropology, prospective primary participant is providing the certification set out of utilitarianism, below. The inability of a person to the ransom chief, provide the certification required below will not necessarily result in denial of participation in this covered transaction. The prospective participant shall submit an explanation of why it cannot provide the certification set out of utilitarianism, below. The certification or explanation will be considered in connection with the destination, department or agency's determination whether to enter into this transaction. However, failure of the prospective primary participant to furnish a certification or an explanation shall disqualify such person from two types, participation in this transaction. The certification in this clause is any material representation of fact upon which reliance was placed when the department or agency determined to enter into this transaction.

If it is later determined that the prospective primary participant knowingly rendered an pope urban ii, erroneous certification, in addition to other remedies available to the Federal Government, the department or agency may terminate this transaction for cause or default. The prospective primary participant shall provide immediate written notice to the department or agency to whom this proposal is submitted if at any time the prospective primary participant learns that its certification was erroneous when submitted or has become erroneous by reason of changed circumstances. The terms covered transaction, debarred, suspended, ineligible, lower tier covered transaction, participant, person, primary covered transaction, principal, proposal, and voluntarily excluded, as used in this clause, have the two types of utilitarianism, meanings set out in the Definitions and Coverage sections of the rules implementing Executive Order 12549. Destination Tokyo? You may contact the department or agency to which this proposal is being submitted for assistance in obtaining a copy of those regulations. The prospective primary participant agrees by submitting this proposal that, should the proposed covered transaction be entered into, it shall not knowingly enter into any lower tier covered transaction with a person who is two types of utilitarianism, debarred, suspended, declared ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from participation in this covered transaction, unless authorized by the department or agency entering into malaysia, this transaction.

The prospective primary participant further agrees by submitting this proposal that it will include the clause titled Certification Regarding Debarment, Suspension, Ineligibility and of utilitarianism Voluntary Exclusion - Lower Tier Covered Transaction, provided by the department or agency entering into define pope urban, this covered transaction, without modification, in of utilitarianism, all lower tier covered transactions. A participant in a covered transaction may rely upon a certification of Teens as Victims of Cyberbullying, a prospective participant in a lower tier covered transaction that it is not debarred, suspended, ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from the of utilitarianism, covered transaction, unless it knows that the certification is erroneous. A participant may decide the method and frequency by which it determines the eligibility of its principals. Each participant may, but is reflexivity anthropology, not required to, check the Nonprocurement List. Nothing contained in the foregoing shall be construed to of utilitarianism, require establishment of a system of records in order to render in good faith the certification required by this clause. The knowledge and information of a participant is not required to exceed that which is normally possessed by a prudent person in the ordinary course of business dealings. Except for transactions authorized under paragraph 6 of malaysia, these instructions, if a participant in a covered transaction knowingly enters into a lower tier covered transaction with a person who is suspended, debarred, ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from two types of utilitarianism, participation in this transaction, in of red chief and other, addition to other remedies available to the Federal Government, the department or agency may terminate this transaction for cause or default. (1) The prospective primary participant certifies to the best of its knowledge and belief, that it and two types its principals: (a) Are not presently debarred, suspended, proposed for debarment, declared ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from a covered transaction by any Federal department or agency; (b) Have not within a three-year period preceding this proposal been convicted of or had a civil judgment rendered against them for commission of anthropology, fraud or a criminal offense in connection with obtaining, attempting to obtain, or performing a public (Federal, State or local) transaction or contract under a public transaction; violation of Federal or State antitrust statutes or commission of embezzlement, theft, forgery, bribery, falsification or destruction of records, making false statements, or receiving stolen property; (c) Are not presently indicted for or otherwise criminally or civilly charged by a governmental entity (Federal, State or local) with commission of any of the offenses enumerated in paragraph (1)(b) of this certification; and (d) Have not within a three-year period preceding this application/proposal had one or more public transactions (Federal, State or local) terminated for two types of utilitarianism cause or default. (2) Where the prospective primary participant is malaysia, unable to certify to any of the statements in this certification, such prospective participant shall include an explanation with this proposal. Exhibit II-5: Lobbying Certification. Instructions on Certification Regarding Lobbying.

This certification is two types, required for an award of a Federal contract, grant or cooperative agreement exceeding $100,000 and for an award of tokyo, a Federal loan or a commitment providing for the United States to insure or guarantee a loan exceeding $150,000. The Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements also is included in full text on the FastLane submission screen. Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements. The undersigned certifies, to the best of his or her knowledge and belief, that: (1) No Federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid, by or on behalf of the undersigned, to any person for two types of utilitarianism influencing or attempting to chief stories, influence an officer or employee of any agency, a Member of two types of utilitarianism, Congress, an officer or employee of Congress, or an employee of a Member of Congress in connection with the awarding of any federal contract, the urban, making of any Federal grant, the making of any Federal loan, the entering into of any cooperative agreement, and the extension, continuation, renewal, amendment, or modification of any Federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement. (2) If any funds other than Federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid to two types of utilitarianism, any person for influencing or attempting to Essay, influence an officer or employee of any agency, a Member of Congress, an two types of utilitarianism, officer or employee of Congress, or an employee of a Member of Congress in connection with this Federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement, the undersigned shall complete and submit Standard Form LLL, “Disclosure of Lobbying Activities,” in accordance with its instructions.

(3) The undersigned shall require that the language of this certification be included in the award documents for all subawards at reflexivity anthropology all tiers including subcontracts, subgrants, and contracts under grants, loans, and cooperative agreements and that all subrecipients shall certify and disclose accordingly. This certification is a material representation of fact upon which reliance was placed when this transaction was made or entered into. Of Utilitarianism? Submission of this certification is a prerequisite for making or entering into this transaction imposed by Section 1352, Title 31, U.S. Code. Any person who fails to file the required certification shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than $10,000 and not more than $100,000 for Teens as Victims Essay each such failure. Exhibit II-6: Nondiscrimination Certification.

Instructions for two types Nondiscrimination Certification. In accordance with NSF policy, a proposal for NSF funding must by destination, accompanied by the nondiscrimination certification set out below. By electronically signing and submitting this proposal, the proposer is providing the requisite certification. The proposer shall provide immediate notice to the Foundation if at any time the proposer learns that its certification was erroneous when submitted, or has become erroneous by reason of changed circumstances. Certification of Compliance with National Science Foundation Nondiscrimination Regulations and two types Policies. By electronically signing the proposal, the Authorized Organizational Representative hereby certifies that the organization will comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 USC § 2000d), Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 USC §§ 1681 et seq.), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 USC § 794), the religion, Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 USC §§ 6101 et seq.) and all regulations and policies issued by NSF pursuant to these statutes. To that end, in accordance with the above-referenced nondiscrimination statutes, and two types of utilitarianism NSF’s implementing regulations and policies, no person in the United States shall, on the ground of destination tokyo, race, color, national origin, sex, disability, or age, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be otherwise subjected to discrimination under any program or activity for of utilitarianism which the Proposer receives Federal financial assistance from the Foundation; and HEREBY CERTIFIES THAT it will immediately take any measures necessary to effectuate this agreement. If any real property or structure thereon is the ransom of red and other stories, provided or improved with the aid of Federal financial assistance extended to the Proposer by the Foundation, this Certification shall obligate the two types, Proposer, or in the case of any transfer of such property, the transferee, for the ransom stories the period during which the real property or structure is used for a purpose for which the Federal financial assistance is extended or for another purpose involving the provision of similar services or benefits.

If any personal property is so provided, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer for the period during which it retains ownership or possession of the of utilitarianism, property. In all other cases, this Certification shall obligate the malaysia religion, Proposer for two types the period during which the of red chief and other stories, Federal financial assistance is extended to it by of utilitarianism, the Foundation. THIS CERTIFICATION is given in consideration of and for the purpose of obtaining any and destination all Federal grants, cooperative agreements, loans, contracts, property, discounts or other Federal financial assistance extended after the date hereof to two types of utilitarianism, the Proposer by the Foundation, including installment payments after such date on reflexivity, account of applications for Federal financial assistance which were approved before such date. The Proposer recognizes and agrees that such Federal financial assistance will be extended in reliance on the representations and agreements made in this Certification, and that the United States shall have the right to seek judicial enforcement of this Certification. This Certification is binding on the Proposer, its successors, transferees, and two types assignees. Exhibit II-7: Definitions of Categories of Personnel. The personnel categories listed on parts A and B of the Proposal Budget are defined as follows: A. Senior Personnel. 1. (co) Principal Investigator(s) -- the reflexivity anthropology, individual(s) designated by the grantee and approved by NSF who will be responsible for the scientific or technical direction of the project.

If more than one, the first one listed will have primary responsibility for the project and the submission of reports. 2. Faculty Associate (faculty member) -- an individual other than the of utilitarianism, Principal Investigator(s) considered by the ransom of red and other stories, the performing institution to be a member of its faculty or who holds an of utilitarianism, appointment as a faculty member at another institution, and who will participate in the project being supported. B. Other Personnel. 1. Postdoctoral Scholar -- An individual who has received a doctoral degree (or equivalent) and is engaged in a temporary and defined period of mentored advanced training to enhance the professional skills and research independence needed to pursue his or her chosen career path. The Ransom Chief And Other? Postdoctoral scholars not identified under Senior Personnel above should be listed as Other Personnel. 2. Other Professional -- a person who may or may not hold a doctoral degree or its equivalent, who is considered a professional and is not reported as a Principal Investigator, faculty associate, postdoctoral scholar or student. Examples of persons included in this category are doctoral associates not reported under B1, professional technicians, physicians, veterinarians, system experts, computer programmers and two types design engineers. 3. Graduate Student (research assistant) -- a part-time or full-time student working on the project in ii, a research capacity who holds at least a bachelor’s degree and is enrolled in a degree program leading to an advanced degree. 4. Undergraduate Student -- a student who is enrolled in a degree program (part-time or full-time) leading to a bachelor’s or associate’s degree. 5. 6. Two Types Of Utilitarianism? These categories include persons working on the project in a non-research capacity, such as secretaries, clerk-typists, draftsmen, animal caretakers, electricians and custodial personnel regardless of whether they hold a degree or are involved in degree work.

Any personnel category for which NSF funds are requested must indicate, in the parentheses provided on the Proposal Budget, the number of persons expected to receive some support from those funds and, where called for define urban ii in the budget format, person-months to the nearest tenth. 9 Requests for approval of a deviation from NSF’s electronic submission requirement (including both FastLane and Grants.gov) must be forwarded to the cognizant NSF program for review and approval prior to two types of utilitarianism, submission of the why graffiti is art, paper proposal. Of Utilitarianism? Back to Text. 10 In addition to the typefaces identified above, Macintosh users also may use Helvetica and reasons why graffiti Palatino typefaces.Back to Text. 11 Further instructions for this process are available electronically on the FastLane website. Back to Text. 12 Detailed instructions for completion of this process are available electronically on the FastLane website. Back to Text.

13 For consistency with the Department of Health and Human Services conflict of interest policy, in lieu of of utilitarianism, organization, NSF is using the term institution which includes all categories of proposers. Urban Ii? Back to two types, Text. 14 Detailed instructions submission of the SF LLL are available on the FastLane website. Back to Text. 16 Requests for approval of a deviation from NSF’s electronic submission requirement must be forwarded to the cognizant NSF program for review and approval prior to submission of the reasons why graffiti, paper proposal. Back to two types, Text. 17 If the proposal includes use of Vertebrate Animals, supplemental information is required. See GPG Chapter II.D.5 for additional information.Back to Text.

18 If the malaysia, proposal includes use of Human Subjects, supplemental information is required. See GPG Chapter II.D.6 for additional information. Back to Text. 19 If the proposer has a website address readily available, that information should be included in the citation, as stated above. It is not NSF's intent, however, to place an undue burden on proposers to of utilitarianism, search for the URL of every referenced publication. Therefore, inclusion of a website address is optional. A proposal that includes reference citation(s) that do not specify a URL address is not considered to reflexivity anthropology, be in violation of of utilitarianism, NSF proposal preparation guidelines and the proposal will still be reviewed.Back to Text. 20 Detailed instructions for submission of confidential budgetary information are available on the FastLane website.

Back to Text. 21 See also the NSF Grant General Conditions (GC-1) for additional information on use of of red stories, US-Flag Air Carriers at https://www.nsf.gov/pubs/gc1/gc1_31506.pdf. Back to Text. 22 Proposers are advised that the GC-1 requires the grantee to obtain written authorization from the cognizant NSF program officer prior to the reallocation of funds budgeted for participant support.Back to Text. 23 For all funds awarded prior to March 15, 2006, payment for a consultant’s services may not exceed the of utilitarianism, daily equivalent of the then current maximum rate paid to an Executive Schedule Level IV Federal employee (exclusive of indirect cost, travel, per diem, clerical services, fringe benefits and malaysia religion supplies).Back to Text. 24 The term subaward also includes contracts, subcontracts and other arrangements. Back to Text. 25 See AAG Chapter V.C.4 for specific instructions and requirements regarding the two types, allowability of destination, relocation costs under NSF awards. Back to Text.

26 If proposed, the estimated value of any in-kind contributions should be included on Line M. An explanation of the source, nature, amount and availability of any proposed cost sharing also must be provided in two types of utilitarianism, the budget justification. Section .23 of OMB Circular A-110 describes criteria and procedures for reasons the allowability of cash and in-kind contributions in satisfying cost sharing and two types matching requirements.Back to reflexivity, Text. 28 Separately submitted collaborative proposals must be submitted via FastLane as Grants.gov does not currently support this type of two types of utilitarianism, functionality.Back to malaysia religion, Text. 29 Detailed instructions for the electronic preparation and submission of collaborative proposals are available on the FastLane website at two types https://www.fastlane.nsf.gov/NSFHelp/flashhelp/fastlane/FastLane_. 30 See AAG Chapter IV.D for additional information on the administration of equipment awards.

Back to Text. 31 Costs associated with conferences, symposia, workshops or other meetings supported by an NSF grant must be specifically and clearly identified in the proposed scope of work and budget, and approved by NSF. Additional information on the charging of conference, symposia and workshops is contained in AAG Chapter V.C.5. Back to Text. 32 Examples illustrating activities likely to demonstrate broader impacts are available electronically on the NSF website at destination tokyo https://www.nsf.gov/pubs/gpg/broaderimpacts.pdf. Back to Text.

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oedipe le roi resume . Two Types. des images et des mots. Citations, Pens©es, Aphorismes, Maximes, Voici un choix de citations, celles que vous aimez ou les v´tres sont les bienvenues : La fortune ne devrait ªtre poss©d©e que par les gens d'esprit : autrement, elle repr©sente un danger public. J€™ai trouv© ma devise - deux verbes auxiliaires : ªtre vaut mieux qu€™avoir. affaires d'argent, administration des biens, charges de strat¨ge, succ¨s oratoires en public, magistratures, coalitions, factions politiques. Is Art. Je ne suis pas engag© dans cette voie. Of Utilitarianism. mais dans celle o¹, chacun de vous en particulier, je ferai le plus grand bien en essayant de le persuader de se pr©occuper moins de ce qu'il a que de ce qu'il est,

pour se rendre aussi excellent et raisonnable que possible. Le bien de la fortune est un bien p©rissable ;Quand on reflexivity, b¢tit sur elle, on of utilitarianism, b¢tit sur le sable. Une fortune est plus l'abri dans une tªte que dans un sac. N'estime l'argent ni plus ni moins qu'il ne vaut : c'est un bon serviteur et un mauvais ma®tre. Konrad Lorentz, Les huit p©ch©s capitaux de notre civilisation. Jean Bodin (©conomiste du XVI ¨me si¨cle). Je suis riche des biens dont je sais me passer. ni de votre corps ni de votre fortune aussi passionn©ment que de votre ¢me, pour la rendre aussi bonne que possible.

ses amis mieux que jamais il doit ªtre fid¨le, l'heure o¹ sa prosp©rit© lui permet mieux que jamais de les servir. Il faut plus de force et de talent pour conserver que pour acqu©rir. Emmanuel Bounz©ki Dongala, Un fusil dans la main, un po¨me dans la poche. Fernando Pessoa, Le gardeur de troupeaux et autres po¨mes. Antony Bouchardon, Lettre Bernard de Milleville.

Les ©l©ments d©chain©s nous le rappellent de temps en temps en d©truisant nos constructions et nos vies ; les microbes aussi microscopiques soient-ils, mutent pour r©sister aux m©dicaments issus de notre intelligence. et ont raison des plus faibles. Of Cyberbullying. Quand l'homme aura t-il conscience de sa juste place, jusque dans l'univers ? Stanislaw Jerzy Lec, Nouvelles pens©es ©chevel©e. de petitesse et de grandeur, ce n'est pas lui faire son proc¨s, c'est le d©finir. Denis Diderot, Addition aux Pens©es philosophiques. Une poussi¨re, comme une maladie qui va changer le cours des choses.

Un petit grain de sable qui va faire basculer la balance. Nous vivons sur un fil comme sur une poutre, la moindre ©charde tout peut tomber ou basculer. Emmanuel Kant, Essai sur les maladies de la tªte. mais ouverte vers une continuelle transformation et transcendance. Elle n'a qu'une chose faire, se d©couvrir elle-mªme. Marylin Ferguson, Les enfants du verseau. La Rochefoucauld, R©flexions ou Sentences et Maximes morales.

Jonathan Swift, Essai critique sur les facult©s de l€™esprit. tout comme l'oiseau sent le besoin de construire un nid. Tristan Bernard, Contes, R©pliques et Bons Mots. c'est pour tous une chose si naturelle, qu'ils ne la remarquent mªme pas. Arthur Schopenhauer, Le Monde comme volont© et comme repr©sentation. Que cette horloge existe et n'ait pas d'horloger.

L'homme ne se construit qu'en poursuivant ce qui le d©passe. mais l'horreur du n©ant, ou plut´t de son absurdit© : l'ªtre pensant ne consent pas ne pas avoir ©t© pens©, le coeur aimant ne consent pas ne pas avoir ©t© aim©. la science o¹ l'esprit humain appara®t dans toute sa grandeur et par laquelle l'homme peut le mieux s'instruire de son n©ant. dont elle n'a ni les cruaut©s, ni les enchantements. Marcel Proust, € la recherche du temps perdu.

On ne juge bien des V©rit©s que lorsqu'elles se font acrobates. tout se fait par discorde. Se contredire, Georges. Two Types Of Utilitarianism. Quel luxe ! C'est mon luxe. Reasons Why Graffiti. C'est mon d©sordre moi. Two Types. Laisse-le-moi. Jean Cocteau, Les parents terribles.

Friedrich Nietzsche, Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra. William Blake, Le mariage du Ciel et de l'Enfer. La v©rit© est pareille l'eau qui prend la forme du vase qui la contient. Le sage n'est pas sans souffrir de comprendre avec trop de sagesse. Le fou qui pense qu'il est un sage est appel© vraiment un fou. Laisse-moi mes folies. Malaysia. Une petite flamme de folie, si on two types, savait comme la vie s'en ©claire ! B. Of Red And Other Stories. Franklin, L'Almanach du pauvre Richard pour 1733.

le cercle dans lequel la prudence et le respect des usages nous enferment. c'est que le premier est guid© par les passions, le second par la raison. La sagesse a ses exc¨s et n'a pas moins besoin de mod©ration que la folie. terre terre et d©couvrent, quand il n'en est plus temps, que les folies sont les seules choses qu'on ne regrette jamais. J'ai toujours pr©f©r© la folie des passions la sagesse de l'indiff©rence. La Rochefoucauld, R©flexions ou Sentences et Maximes morales.

Si tu te sers de la libert© en ©change d'autre chose, comme l'oiseau, elle s'envolera. Gilbert keith Chesterton, La Sph¨re et la croix. En fait c'est toujours ainsi que cela s'est produit. Refuser toute d©pendance, c'est mettre l'homme au sommet de l'Štre. C'est une chance que d'avoir devant soi assez de temps pour pouvoir r©viser ses jugements. ou simplement pour pouvoir les exprimer sans bavures. Jean Grenier, Entretiens sur le bon usage de la libert©. L'homme est libre : sans quoi conseils, exhortations, pr©ceptes, interdictions r©compenses et ch¢timents seraient vains. Simone de Beauvoir, Pour une morale de l'ambigu¯t©. Aussi longtemps que nous ©prouvons le besoin d'avoir une influence sur d'autres individus, mªme par bienveillance, nous serons prisonniers de ce besoin.

En leur donnant la libert©, nous nous lib©rons nous-mªmes. Les joues en feu, et le coeur bat et crie. Pourquoi ton seul nom nous ©meut jusqu' l'¢me. Libert© ! Libert© ch©rie ! l'une des plus r©v©latrices serait celle de sa force de refus. Eschyle, Les Eum©nides.

Pedro Cald©ron de la Barca, La vie est un songe. Un ªtre ne se sent oblig© que s'il est libre, et chaque obligation, prise part, implique la libert©. Lorsque je fais tourner la clef ce n'est pas moi qui suis boucl© ce sont les autres que j'enferme. Louis Gauthier, Souvenir de San Chiquita. Bergson, Essai sur les donn©es imm©diates de la conscience. Maurice Maeterlinck, La Sagesse et la destin©e.

Frederich Nietzsche, Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra. On ne fait pas ce qu'on veut et cependant on of utilitarianism, est responsable de ce qu'on est. Il faut faire aujourd'hui ce que tout le monde fera demain. Je m'avance vers celui qui me contredit. Gaston Bachelard, La Terre et les rªveries de la volont©. Scott Ridley, 1492 Christophe Colomb. Pour qu'une chose soit int©ressante, il suffit de la regarder longtemps. Le monde dans lequel chacun vit d©pend de la fa§on de le concevoir. Arthur schopenhauer, Aphorismes sur la sagesse dans la vie.

Parler juste, c'est comme chanter juste, c'est un don. Malaysia. Mais §a ©tonne moins. C'est proprement avoir les yeux ferm©s sans t¢cher jamais de les ouvrir, que de vivre sans philosopher. Ren© Descartes, Lettre-pr©face des Principes de la philosophie. C'est dr´le comme la fatalit© se pla®t choisir pour la repr©senter des visages indignes ou m©diocres. Fran§oise Quoirez, dite Fran§oise Sagan. Philosopher, c'est apprendre mourir. de se poser comme sujet d'©tude ce qu'il y a de plus g©n©ral et de plus ordinaire. Arthur Schopenhauer, Le Monde comme volont© et comme repr©sentation. Ren© Char, Fureur et myst¨re. Luis Sepulveda, Une sale histoire.

La pens©e console de tout et rem©die tout. Si quelquefois elle vous fait du mal, demandez-lui le rem¨de du mal qu'elle vous a fait et elle vous le donnera. la philosophie s'efforce au contraire de nous ©lever cette id©e que tout le temps. la mªme chose a ©t©, est et sera. En r©alit© l'essence de la vie humaine comme de la nature est tout enti¨re pr©sente en tout lieu, tout moment, et n'a besoin, pour ªtre reconnue jusque dans sa source, que d'une certaine profondeur d'esprit. L'esprit cherche et c'est le coeur qui trouve. Il faut que la communication, apr¨s son ©largissement, gagne en profondeur. Blaise Pascal, Pens©es, 4.

Nous vivons avec des id©es qui, si nous les ©prouvions vraiment, devraient bouleverser toute notre vie. Le chemin est long du projet la chose. Arthur schopenhauer, Aphorismes sur la sagesse dans la vie. Auguste Comte, Cours de philosophie positive. Arthur Schopenhauer, Le Monde comme volont© et comme repr©sentation. Quand vous voyez un homme d©pourvu de sagesse, examinez-vous vous-mªme. Confucius, Entretiens du Ma®tre avec ses disciples. Zilu, veux-tu que je te dise ce qu'est la connaissance ? Savoir qu'on sait quand on of utilitarianism, sait, et savoir qu'on ne sait pas quand on malaysia, ne sait pas, tant elle tient un discours profond.

en changeant les attitudes int©rieures de leur esprit, peuvent changer les aspects ext©rieurs de leur vie. Une ¢me se mesure la dimension de son d©sir. Je ne cherche pas conna®tre les r©ponses, je cherche comprendre les questions. Puissent tous les hommes se souvenir qu'ils sont fr¨res. Et le partage des deux avec un ami nous enrichi.

l'erreur fondamentale consiste s'approprier le monopole de la v©rit©. Pense avant de parler et p¨se avant d'agir. les esprits m©diocres discutent des personnes. Jean Rostand, Nouvelles pens©es d'un biologiste. Khalil Gibran, Le sable et l'©cume. Ainsi, si je suis intelligent, je dois me corriger d'abord.

Le v©ritable progr¨s d©mocratique n'est pas d'abaisser l'©lite au niveau de la foule, mais d'©lever la foule vers l'©lite. On reconna®t les grandes ©poques ceci, que la puissance de l'esprit y est visible et son action partout pr©sente. Pierre Teilhard De Chardin, ‰crits du temps de la guerre. Etre philosophe, ce n'est pas ©crire, c'est vivre. Le Ma®tre r©pond : C'est celui qui ne prªche pas ce qu'il faut faire tant qu'il n'a pas fait ce qu'il pr´ne. Fran§ois George, Histoire personnelle de la France.

Carl Gustav Jung, L'homme la d©couverte de son ¢me. qui appara®t aux esprits m©diocrement dou©s comme obscur et contradictoire. Carl Gustav Jung, L'homme la d©couverte de son ¢me. ne pas s'agiter, ne pas sommeiller, ne pas faire semblant. Sa seule pr©occupation est que la flamme qu'elle entretien br»le du feu le plus ardent et le plus pur, et non de savoir jusqu'o¹ p©n¨tre sa v©rit©. Albert schweitzer, Les Grands penseurs de l'Inde. Les buts et les aboutissements importent moins.

Il est plus urgent d'apprendre que d'accumuler des informations. La bienveillance vaut mieux que la surveillance. Les moyens sont les fins. Of Utilitarianism. Le voyage est la destination. Marylin Ferguson, Les enfants du verseau. une fois prise, de regarder na®vement en soi et autour de soi.

Carl Gustav Jung, L'homme la d©couverte de son ¢me. Vauvenargues, R©flexions et Maximes. Ah! c'est §a l'astuce, §a le plus difficile de tout. Malaysia Religion. Le scabreux, c'est justement que cela ne demande pas d'effort. Le tout, c'est de ne pas vouloir ªtre ceci ou cela, ni grand ni petit, ni habile ni maladroit. Two Types. tu me suis? Tu agis selon ce qui se pr©sente. Is Art. Mais de bonne gr¢ce, bien entendu. Parce qu'il n'y a pas une chose qui n'ait son importance. Two Types Of Utilitarianism. Pas une. Le premier pas de la sagesse est de tout accuser ; Le dernier : de tout concilier.

P. Is Art. Teilhard de Chardin. Deux exc¨s : exclure la raison, n'admettre que la raison. Pour expliquer un brin de paille, il faut d©montrer tout l'univers. Miguel de Unamuno, Le sens tragique de la vie. Oscar Wilde, Le portrait de Dorian Gray. La raison, c'est l'intelligence en exercice ; l'imagination c'est l'intelligence en ©rection. L'observation est l'investigation d'un ph©nom¨ne naturel, et l'exp©rience est l'investigation d'un ph©nom¨ne modifi© par l'investigateur. Claude Bernard, Introduction l'©tude de la m©decine exp©rimentale. Que les vieillards sont beaux, partout dans le monde, l o¹ la chirurgie esth©tique n'existe pas.

Les bonnes id©es n'ont pas d'¢ge, elles ont seulement de l'avenir. Les yeux de l'esprit ne commencent ªtre per§ants que quand ceux du corps commencent baisser. Jean-Pierre Jeunet, Le fabuleux destin d€™Am©lie Poulain. Les enfants trouvent tout dans rien, les hommes ne trouvent rien dans tout. Pour le jeune homme dont la vieillesse ne marque pas le visage, la jeunesse est sans valeur. Ab¹ Shakour, Les premiers po¨tes persans.

Le moment o¹ je parle est d©j loin de moi. Il d©voile ce qui restait cach©, il cache ce qui s'©tait montr©, il rend possible l'impossible, il ©branle l'in©branlable. celle-ci vous en sera reconnaissante en vous les rendant plus tard. je suis libre de savourer le moment pr©sent. La vie commence parfois par des brouillons ; On l'©crit, la mal-©crit, la corrige, la r©©crit ; et puis un jour, on two types of utilitarianism, rend sa copie. La maturit© s'accompagne d'une moralit© qui ©mane du soi le plus profond, et non de la simple ob©issance aux moeurs de la culture. Pour que son souvenir, comme un parfum s©ch©, Quand nous serons plus tard las d'avoir trop march©,

Console notre coeur, seul, le soir, sur les routes ! Qu'on lit sans cesse, et qui jamais n'est referm©, Un livre o¹ l'on vit mieux sa vie, et qui vous hante. D'un rªve nostalgique, o¹ l'¢me se tourmente. Jostein Gaarder, Le monde de Sophie. -passer, et ne pas laisser une ombre sur les murs. Tokyo. Marina Tsvetaeva, Le Po¨me de la montagne. Two Types. Le po¨me de la fin. d©pªche toi de vivre ton unicit©, car demain tu seras mort.

On ne choisi pas le moment o¹ l'on nait mais nous pouvons choisir celui de notre mort. Mourir un an religion ou soixante dix ans, il n'y a aucune diff©rence : On ne connait que ce que nous avons v©cu et ne pouvons regretter le reste. C'est l'autre qui en a connu le plus qui s'apitoiera sur celui qui pour lui en a connu le moins. Ne pas mourir avant d'avoir aim©. Les gens ne croient plus la mort, ils croient l'usure. Gaston Miron, Courtepointes. Ce que l'on fait dans sa vie r©sonne dans l'©ternit©. La valeur n'attend pas le nombre des ann©es.

Pierre Corneille, Le Cid. Prince Ch. Two Types. de Ligne (Almanach de Bruxelles, 1817). Cette vie qu'il faut vivre. - J'ai cinquante ans, et je n'ai rien vu. Ludwig Feuerbach, Manifestes philosophiques. on devient vieux parce-qu'on a d©sert© son id©al. Les ann©es rident la peau : renoncer son id©al ride l'¢me. La mort semble bien moins terrible, quand on is art, est fatigu©. Quand nous sommes, la mort n'est pas l ; et quand la mort est l , nous ne sommes plus. l'opinion du troupeau, l'opinion du public et de l'avenir. Il est seul avec sa mort prochaine et la mort n'a ni yeux ni oreilles,

il n'a pas besoin de lui plaire ; il peut faire et dire ce qui lui pla®t lui-mªme de faire et de dire. Milan Kundera, La vie est ailleurs. tiennent aux paroles pass©es sous silence et aux actions rest©es inaccomplies. Nous aurons le destin que nous aurons m©rit©. ne peut se repr©senter ni la fin de l'espace, ni la fin du temps, ni la fin de l'histoire, ni la fin d'un peuple, il vit toujours dans un infini illusoire. Milan Kundera, Le livre du rire et de l'oubli. et pourtant l'homme n'a jamais ©t© en mesure de l'accepter, de la comprendre, de se comporter en cons©quence.

L'homme ne sait pas ªtre mortel. Et quand il est mort, il ne sait mªme pas ªtre mort. Milan Kundera, Le livre du rire et de l'oubli. La r©ponse est toujours pr©sente et, si on two types of utilitarianism, lui en donne le temps, elle se r©v¨le nous. se rencontre, surgit dans le monde, et qu'il se d©finit ensuite. Je crois qu'on ne peut mieux vivre qu'en cherchant devenir meilleur, ni plus agr©ablement qu'en ayant la pleine conscience de son am©lioration. si comme pour les yaourts il y avait inscrit : consommer avant le.

Simone de Beauvoir, Pour une morale de l'ambigu®t©.

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UTILITARIANISM | Law, Politics, and Philosophy

an exsample essay Definition : In this kind of essay, we not only give information but also present an argument with the of utilitarianism PROS (supporting ideas) and CONS (opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue. We should clearly take our stand and as Victims Essay, write as if we are trying to of utilitarianism persuade an opposing audience to adopt new beliefs or behavior. The primary objective is to persuade people to change beliefs that many of Teens as Victims Essay them do not want to change. Two Types! Choosing an argumentative topic is not an easy task. The topic should be such that. X Marijuana should be considered illegal. (Not a good topic because it is too general. In some medical cases, marijuana is prescribed by the doctors and the patients are encouraged to define pope urban use it in two types of utilitarianism, case of suffering from too much pain) #8730; Selling and why graffiti is art, using marijuana in public places should be considered illegal . X We should decide whether we want a bicycle or a car. ( our stand is not clear: do we support having bicycles or cars?) #8730; If we are under the age of 30 and want a healthy life, we should definitely get a bicycle instead of two types of utilitarianism a car. X Are you one of those who thinks cheating is not good for destination tokyo students? ( a question cannot be an argument) #8730; Cheating helps students learn.

X Considering its geological position, Turkey has an two types, important geopolitical role in define urban ii, the EU. Two Types Of Utilitarianism! ( facts cannot be arguments) #8730; Considering its geopolitical role, we can clearly say that the EU cannot be without Turkey . it should be a topic that can be adequately supported (with statistics, outside source citations, etc.) X I feel that writing an argumentative essay is definitely a challenging task. ( feelings cannot be supported; we cannot persuade other people) If you believe that you can find enough evidence to support your idea and refute others effectively, you can choose challenging topics as well. You can enjoy writing about such topics: Cheating is beneficial for students. Murat 124 is a very good choice for conscientious drivers. Tokyo! Stress is good for the human body. Polygamy is two types of utilitarianism, quite natural. For women, there is no need for men. Ii! Organization : All argumentative topics have PROs and CONs . Before starting writing, it is imperative to make a list of of utilitarianism these ideas and choose the most suitable ones among them for supporting and refuting. There are three possible organization patterns: CON idea 1 ----- Refutation. CON idea 2 ----- Refutation.

CON idea 3 ----- Refutation. The sample essay has been written according to the third pattern. Thesis: Do Reiki instead of taking medicine . Destination Tokyo! People should trust medicine since it is effective and two types of utilitarianism, scientifically proven. Reiki is also scientifically proven and malaysia, does not have side effects . (refutation method: insufficient claim) Serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and two types of utilitarianism, cancer cannot be treated without medicine. Medicine also cannot treat serious illnesses if not diagnosed at an early stage . (refutation method: opponents are partially correct) Reiki, like alternative healing methods, requires a lot of time . Reiki requires less time if done regularly . (refutation method: opponents are completely wrong) Supporting our ideas : This is the most important part when persuading others. We are asking some people to change their beliefs or actions. We should be supporting our ideas with such facts, statistics and/or authorities that there should not be room for any doubts. Here are some faulty supports we should avoid: Thesis: Leaving the university and starting to work is good for the adolescent because … Feelings, emotional arguments (… it makes one feel much better .) Irrelevant examples (wandering off the topic) (… he would then be able to take his girlfriend to expensive restaurants .) Oversimplification (… only then would he understand what it means to be an adult. ) Hasty generalizations (. it is a widely known fact that all adolescents look forward to earning money .) Unreliable, even false outside sources (… according to www.doubtme.com, 80% of malaysia religion working men wish they quit school when they were at university and started working at an earlier age. ) For more mistakes in the logic of arguments, see Fallacies. Refuting opposing arguments : Before we start saying that the two types of utilitarianism opponents are wrong, we should specify their opposing ideas. Otherwise, it would be like hitting the other person with eyes closed. We should see clearly what we are hitting and be prepared beforehand so that he cannot hit us back.

We can do this by knowing what we are refuting. e.g . X Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education; however, they are wrong . ( what they say is not wrong. Maybe their supporting idea is wrong /irrelevant /insufficient. We should state their supporting idea specifically to be able to refute it.) #8730; Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education because they are not physically and define pope urban, psychologically mature enough to cope with the problems of the two types real world. However, they forget one fact: adolescents can vote or start driving at destination tokyo, the age of 18 (in some countries even before that age!), which proves that they are considered physically and psychologically mature at that age . Language : Signposts gain importance in two types, the argumentative essay. They enable the readers to follow our arguments easily. When pointing out why graffiti opposing arguments ( CONs ): Opponents of two types of utilitarianism this idea claim / maintain that … Those who disagree / are against these ideas may say / assert that … Some people may disagree with this idea. When stating specifically why they think like that : The put forward this idea because … They claim that … since … Reaching the malaysia turning point : On the other hand , When refuting the opposing idea, we may use the two types following strategies : compromise but prove that their argument is not powerful enough: They have a point in thinking like that. Reasons Why Graffiti Is Art! To a certain extent they are right. After seeing this evidence, there is two types, no way we can agree with what they say . say that their argument is the ransom chief, irrelevant to of utilitarianism the topic: What we are discussing here is not what they are trying to prove. Define! Their argument is irrelevant. HEALTH AND HEALING AT YOUR FINGERTIPS.

Throw out the bottles and boxes of drugs in of utilitarianism, your house. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health, which should at malaysia religion, least come as good news to two types of utilitarianism people who cannot afford to as Victims Essay buy expensive medicine. Two Types! However, it is tokyo, a blow to the medicine industry, and two types of utilitarianism, an even bigger blow to our confidence in the progress of science. This new theory argues that healing is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by reflexivity anthropology doing Reiki on a regular basis. Supporters of medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is two types of utilitarianism, effective and scientifically proven. They say that there is no need for spiritual methods such as Reiki, Yoga, Tai Chi. These waste our time, something which is quite precious in our material world. There is medicine that can kill our pain, x-rays that show us our fractured bones or MRI that scans our brain for tumors. We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide.

However, there are some “every day complaints” such as back pains, headaches, insomnia, which are treated currently with medicine. When you have a headache, you take an Aspirin, or Vermidon , when you cannot sleep, you take Xanax without thinking of the reasons why graffiti side effects of two types these. The Ransom Stories! When you use these pills for two types a long period, you become addicted to them; you cannot sleep without them. We pay huge amounts of money and become addicted instead of getting better. As Victims Of Cyberbullying Essay! How about two types of utilitarianism, a safer and more economical way of healing? When doing Reiki to yourself, you do not need anything except your energy so it is very economical. As for its history, it was discovered in Japan in the early 1900s and its popularity has spread particularly throughout America and Western Europe . Destination! In quantum physics, energy is two types, recognized as the fundamental substance of which the universe is composed. Reiki depends on the energy within our bodies. It is a simple and effective way of restoring the energy flow.

There are no side effects and it is scientifically explained. Of Red Chief Stories! Opponents of alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs. Two Types! They think so because these patients spend the rest of their lives in the hospital taking medicine. How can Reiki make these people healthy again? It is very unfortunate that these patients have to define pope urban ii live in the hospital losing their hair because of two types chemotherapy, losing weight because of the is art side effects of the two types of utilitarianism medicine they take. Actually, it is common knowledge that except for when the cancer is diagnosed at malaysia, an early stage, drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer.

Most of the medicine these patients use are to two types of utilitarianism ease their pain and their sufferings because of the medical treatment they undergo. Instead of drugs which are expensive and have many side effects, you can use your energy to malaysia overcome the hardships of life, find an emotional balance, leave the stress of everyday life and let go of the everyday worries. Most of the two types chronic conditions such as eczema or migraine are known to have causes such as poor diet and stress. Destination Tokyo! Deep-rooted anger or other strong emotions can contribute to two types of utilitarianism viral infections as well. Teens As Victims Of Cyberbullying! Since balancing our emotions and controlling our thoughts are very important for our well-being, we should definitely start learning Reiki and two types of utilitarianism, avoid illnesses before it is too late. Some people may still maintain that in reasons, our material world, everything depends on time. It is even “lacking time” that causes much of the stress that leads to the illnesses we mentioned. How would it be possible to find time to two types do Reiki to ourselves and the people around us when we cannot even find time to go to the theater? This is one good thing about Reiki; it does not require more than 15 minutes of our time. There is no need for changing clothes or special equipment. It is a wonderfully simple healing art, an effective method of relaxation and stress-relief.

Most important of all, it is less time consuming than medicine if we think of all the time we spend taking medicine for some complaints and taking some more for anthropology the side effects as well. Having said these, resistance to Reiki would be quite illogical. Reiki is natural and drug-free. What is more, it is easy to learn by anyone, regardless of age and experience. It can be used anywhere, anytime.

It also enhances physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being and two types, the benefits last a lifetime. It is definitely high time to get away from the drug boxes we store in our drug cabinet!

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There are two types of utilitarianism which are rule utilitarianism and act

40 Useful Words and Phrases for two types, Top-Notch Essays. The secret to a successful essay doesn’t just lie in the clever things you talk about and the way you structure your points. To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to malaysia religion utilise the right language. You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is of utilitarianism, crucial if you’re to urban ii write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the words and phrases you need to two types of utilitarianism write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them. Reflexivity Anthropology. It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of two types, using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into writing essays in English. Let’s start by looking at reflexivity language for general explanations of complex points.

Usage : “In order to” can be used to two types introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument. Example : “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.” Usage : Use “in other words” when you want to express something in a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on a point. Example : “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in pope urban the water.” Usage : This phrase is another way of of utilitarianism, saying “in other words”, and can be used in tokyo particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of its significance. Example : “Plants rely on photosynthesis. Of Utilitarianism. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.” Usage : “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise. Example : “Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.”

Usage : Use “to that end” or “to this end” in of Cyberbullying a similar way to “in order to” or “so”. Example : “Zoologists have long sought to two types of utilitarianism understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and pope their possible meanings.” Adding additional information to support a point. Students often make the of utilitarianism mistake of using synonyms of define, “and” each time they want to of utilitarianism add further information in support of a point they’re making, or to build an why graffiti, argument. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this.

Usage : Employ “moreover” at the start of two types, a sentence to add extra information in support of a point you’re making. Example : “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in Teens as Victims of Cyberbullying support of…” Usage :This is also generally used at the start of two types of utilitarianism, a sentence, to add extra information. Example : “Furthermore, there is evidence to reflexivity suggest that…” Usage : This is used in the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”. Example : “What’s more, this isn’t the two types of utilitarianism only evidence that supports this hypothesis.” Usage : Use “likewise” when you want to talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned. Example : “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in destination favour of this point of view.” Usage : Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”. Example : “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to two types what they were used to. Tokyo. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.”

Usage : Use the phrase “another key point to of utilitarianism remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”. Example : “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Malaysia. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the two types Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” Usage : Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”. Example : “Scholar A argued that this was due to anthropology X, as well as Y.” Usage : This wording is two types of utilitarianism, used to add an extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information. Example : “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.” Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at a time. Example : “Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…” Usage : This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other. Example : “There are many points in support of this view.

Firstly, X. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z. 16. Not to mention/to say nothing of. Usage : “Not to pope ii mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to add extra information with a bit of emphasis. Example : “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy.”

Words and phrases for demonstrating contrast. When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to two types of utilitarianism present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. Why Graffiti Is Art. This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in of utilitarianism these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and religion interesting. Usage : Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said. Example : “Scholar A thinks this.

However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.” Usage : Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. Two Types. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.” Usage : Used in a similar manner to religion “on the other hand” or “but”. Example : “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an of utilitarianism, agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account. Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.”

Usage : Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and contrasting pieces of evidence. Example : “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.” Usage : Use this to cast doubt on why graffiti an assertion. Example : “Writer A asserts that this was the of utilitarianism reason for what happened.

Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.” Usage : This is used in malaysia the same way as “then again”. Example : “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is two types, unreliable at Teens of Cyberbullying best.” Usage : Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea. Example : “Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Two Types Of Utilitarianism. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.” Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations. Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of Essay, evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of two types of utilitarianism, doing so.

Usage : Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of a shortfalling in the evidence. Example : “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.” Usage : Use this when you want your reader to religion consider a point in two types the knowledge of something else. Example : “We’ve seen that the methods used in reasons why graffiti is art the 19th century study did not always live up to two types of utilitarianism the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to is art draw definite conclusions. With this in mind, let’s look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.”

Usage : This means “on condition that”. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the same thing. Example : “We may use this as evidence to of utilitarianism support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the destination limitations of the methods used to obtain it.” Usage : These phrases are used when something has shed light on of utilitarianism something else. Example : “In light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…” Usage : This is similar to “despite this”. Example : “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.” Usage : This is the same as “nonetheless”.

Example : “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.” Usage : This is another way of saying “nonetheless”. Example : “Notwithstanding the urban limitations of the methodology used, it was an of utilitarianism, important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.” Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time. Here are a couple of other ways of saying the same thing. Example : “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for reasons why graffiti is art, instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south…” Example : “To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at the case of…” When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of highlighting it as such. Usage : Used to introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent. Example : “Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the of utilitarianism same period.”

Usage : This can be used to mean “significantly” (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the first of these ways of using it). Example : “Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.” Usage : Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”. Example : “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by define ii, X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.” You’ve almost made it to two types of utilitarianism the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over malaysia, yet. Two Types. You need to Teens of Cyberbullying end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion. Here are some words and phrases to help you. Usage : Typically used to introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an two types, essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in a broad overview. Example : “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.” Usage : Used to Teens of Cyberbullying Essay signify what you believe to be the most significant point, and the main takeaway from the essay.

Example : “Above all, it seems pertinent to two types remember that…” Usage : This is a useful word to use when summarising which argument you find most convincing. Example : “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by malaysia, financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.” Usage : Use in the same way as “persuasive” above. Example : “The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.” Usage : This means “taking everything into account”.

Example : “All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…” How many of these words and two types phrases will you get into your next essay? And are any of religion, your favourite essay terms missing from our list? Let us know in the comments below! 221 Responses to “40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays” January 09, 2015 at 8:47 am, Jimmy Tan said:

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October 19, 2015 at of utilitarianism 10:49 am, steven O'Donnell said: I would have also included “in fact” October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm, Tom Howell said: *Gasp* As someone who has studied and takes a modicum of interest in the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of cliches will not aid you in your academic pursuits. This is a categorical list of English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and Teens as Victims of Cyberbullying a comment something along the lines of “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course. Some of these are inescapable and two types of utilitarianism are useful tools, but please use in moderation.

If you truly wish to improve your writing, consider the define pope use of language in of utilitarianism literature you may study as part of malaysia, your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based. What makes a writing style worthy of two types of utilitarianism, note, and what makes it tedious and monotonous? The use of and other, structure, engaging writing styles, and of utilitarianism even metaphors can be true keys to tokyo essay success. December 07, 2015 at 8:24 am, Jeff B. said: Tom, I must agree. In my English class such cliches as listed here would be highlighted and returned to of utilitarianism the student with an admonition to reflexivity “please use your own words,” or something to that effect. As I like to joke, “Cliches should be avoided like the plague.” October 20, 2015 at two types of utilitarianism 8:22 pm, yoursif said: October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm, nur amira said: thanks it was indeed helpful. November 02, 2015 at Teens of Cyberbullying 1:11 pm, sania said: really..its very helpful. im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an advantageous impact..in my result.

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November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am, Joey said: I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new points… does anyone else feel the same? December 07, 2015 at 7:58 am, Jeff B. said: While some of the suggestions in two types this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of cliches. Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. “To put it another way” and “Another key thing to define pope remember”) are cliches, and should be avoided in original writing. Another note: this article recommends the of utilitarianism use of reflexivity anthropology, “In conclusion” to two types introduce the conclusion.

My suggestion is to avoid it, and destination tokyo I am not the of utilitarianism only one who feels this way. To quote the the ransom chief stories Writing Center at Harvard University: summary,’ and two types ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be. useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. But. readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the. pages, when an of red and other, essay is about to end. You’ll irritate. your audience if you belabor the two types obvious.” If your readers cannot figure out of red and other that from of utilitarianism reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the introduction to it. December 07, 2015 at 8:03 am, Jeff B. Why Graffiti Is Art. said:

Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and above.” Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in many if not most cases it should be avoided. December 07, 2015 at 10:43 am, Jeff B. said: * Assuming, of of utilitarianism, course, that my “comment above” is actually posted after it undergoes “moderation.” Otherwise my note makes no sense… December 07, 2015 at define pope urban 8:25 pm, pavla said: put (or set) the record straight. December 09, 2015 at two types of utilitarianism 12:42 pm, Ahsan said: Really great info. I will use these words in tokyo content of my site in order to get best rankings. December 09, 2015 at two types of utilitarianism 8:48 pm, khalid Benameur said: really these are benificial words to use and define urban Iam going to use them.

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Excellent advice. Many writing students would do well to read Zinsser’s book “On Writing Well.” He emphasizes clarity in writing, and no one does it better. May 04, 2016 at two types 1:43 pm, angielski said: Very useful to have it in one place. The Ransom Of Red Chief And Other. Thanks ! May 10, 2016 at 7:57 pm, Cheese said:

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Above all #128521; Thanks . December 21, 2016 at 8:16 pm, Hope said: you’re the two types of utilitarianism one who’s kidding not the one who provided us with them. English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of writing especially for non native . And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all #128521; Thanks . October 26, 2016 at 4:52 am, Carol said: These cliche phrase will NOT help you write a top-notch essay. Do NOT use these. October 26, 2016 at ii 11:52 pm, KittyKat300 said: Awesome tips I got a great grade! October 30, 2016 at 1:28 am, lolo said:

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